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World Coins: Europe-Vatican City

Click here for the official website of the Vatican

Notes from Krause Standard Catalog of World Coins - "During many centuries prior to the formation of the unified Kingdom of Italy, when Italy was divided into numerous independent papal and ducal states, the Popes held temporal sovereignty over an area in central Italy comprising some 17,000 sq. mi. (44,030 sq. km.) including the city of Rome. At the time of the general unification of Italy under the Kingdom of Sardinia, 1861, the papal dominions beyond Rome were acquired by that kingdom, diminishing the Pope's sovereignty to Rome and its environs. In 1870, while France's opposition to papal dispossession was neutralized by its was with Prussia, the Italian army seized weakly defended Rome and made it the capital of Italy, thereby abrogating the last vestige of papal temporal power. In 1871, the Italian Parliament enacted the Law of Guarantees, which guaranteed a special status for the Vatican area, and spiritual freedom and a generous income for the Pope. Pope Pius IX and his successors adamantly refused to acknowledge the validity of these laws and voluntarily "imprisoned" themselves in the Vatican. The impasse between State and Church lasted until the signing of the Lateran Treaty, Feb. 11, 1929, by which Italy recognized the sovereignty and independence of the new Vatican City state."

The following table is based on information in Allen G. Berman's reference "Papal Coins", 1991, Attic Books Ltd., 255 pages with 77 plates, information from Wikipedia and the official Vatican website.

The term "Antipope" is given to a person who claims to be Pope, against the recognition of the person named by the Roman Catholic Church as Pope. During some periods in history, it is not always clear who is the recognized Pope and who is the Antipope. Even in the Annuario Pontificio, Pope Leo VIII (963-965) and Pope Sylvester III (1045) are noted as uncertain. Note that people claiming to be Pope, but with few followers (such as the modern Sedevacantists) are not included in this list. The last "official" Antipope was Felix V (1439-1449).

Pontiff Personal Name (if known) Date Coin Denominations (may include multiples or fractions)

Notes

St. Peter -- c. 41 - c. 67 --  
St. Linus -- c. 67 - c. 79 --  
St. Anacletus or Cletus -- c. 79 - c. 91 --  
St. Clement I -- c. 91 - c. 100 --  
St. Evaristus -- c. 100 - c. 107 --  
St. Alexander I -- c. 107 - c. 116 --  
St. Sixtus I -- c. 116 - c. 125 --  
St. Telesphorus -- c. 125 - c. 136 --  
St. Hyginus -- c. 136 - c. 140 --  
St. Pius I -- c. 140 - c. 154 --  
St. Anicetus -- c. 154 - 165 --  
St. Soter -- 165 - 174 --  
St. Eleutherius -- 174 - 189 --  
St. Victor I -- 189 - 198 --  
St. Zephyrinus -- 198 - 217 --  
St. Calixtus -- 217 - 222 --  
Antipope St. Hippolytus -- 217 - 325 --  
St. Urban I -- 222 - 230 --  
St. Pontian -- 230 - 235 --  
St. Anterus -- 235 - 236 --  
St. Fabian -- 236 - 250 --  
St. Cornelius -- 251 - 253 --  
Antipope Novatian -- 251 - 258 --  
St. Lucius I -- 253 - 254 --  
St. Stephen I -- 254 - 257 --  
St. Sixtus II -- 257 - 258 --  
St. Dionysus -- 258 - 268 --  
St. Felix I -- 268 - 274 --  
St. Eutychian -- 274 - 283 --  
St. Caius -- 282 - 296 --  
St. Marcellinus -- 296 - 304 --  
Sede Vacante ? -- 304 - 308 --  
St. Marcellus I -- 308 - 309 --  
St. Eusebius -- 310 --  
St. Militiades or Melchiades -- 311 - 314 --  
St. Sylvester I -- 314 - 335 --  
St. Mark -- 336 --  
St. Julius I, Rusticus -- 337 - 352 --  
Liberius -- 352 - 366 --  
Antipope St. Felix II -- 355 - 365 --  
Antipope Ursinus -- 366 - 367 --  
St. Damasus I -- 366 - 384 --  
St. Siricius -- 384 - 389 --  
St. Anastasius I -- 399 - 401 --  
St. Innocent I -- 401 - 417 --  
St. Zosimus -- 417 - 418 --  
Antipope Eulalius -- 418 - 419 --  
St. Boniface I -- 418 - 422 --  
St. Celestine -- 422 - 432 --  
St. Sixtus III -- 432 - 440 --  
St. Leo I the Great -- 440 - 461 --  
St. Hilary -- 461 - 468 --  
St. Simplicius -- 468 - 483 --  
St. Felix III (II) -- 483 - 492 --  
St. Gelasius I -- 492 - 496 --  
Anastasius II -- 496 - 498 --  
St. Symmachus -- 498 - 514 --  
Antipope Laurentius -- 498 - 505 --  
St. Hormisdas -- 514 - 523 --  
St. John I -- 523 - 526 --  
St. Felix IV (III) -- 526 - 530 --  
Boniface II -- 530 - 532 --  
Antipope Dioscorus -- 530 --  
John II -- 532 - 535 --  
St. Agapitus I -- 535 - 536 --  
St. Silverius -- 536 - 537 --  
Vigilius -- 537 - 555 --  
Pelagius I -- 556 - 561 --  
John III -- 561 - 574 --  
Benedict I -- 575 - 579 --  
Pelagius II -- 579 - 590 --  
St. Gregory the Great -- 590 - 604 --  
Sabinian -- 604 - 606 --  
Boniface III -- 607 --  
St. Boniface IV -- 608 - 615 --  
St. Adeodatus I -- 615 - 618 --  
Boniface V -- 619 - 625 --  
Honorius I -- 625 - 638 --  
Severinus -- 638 - 640 --  
John IV -- 640 - 642 --  
Theodore I -- 642 - 649 --  
St. Martin I -- 649 - 653 --  
St. Eugene I -- 654 - 657 --  
St. Vitalian -- 657 - 672 --  
Adeodatus II -- 672 - 676 --  
Donus -- 676 - 678 --  
St. Agatho -- 678 - 681 --  
St. Leo II -- 682 - 683 --  
St. Benedict II -- 683 - 685 --  
John V -- 685 - 686 --  
Conon -- 686 - 687 --  
Antipope Paschal I -- 687 --  
Antipope Theodorus -- 687 --  
St. Sergius I -- 687 - 701 --  
John VI -- 701 - 705 --  
John VII -- 705 - 707 --  
Sisinnius -- 708 --  
Constantine I -- 708 - 715 --  
St. Gregory II Savelli 715 - 731 --  
St. Gregory III -- 731 - 741 AR Eighth Siliqua/30 Nummi; AE Tessera  
St. Zacharias -- 741 - 752 AR Eighth Siliqua/30 Nummi; AE Tessera  
Stephen II -- 752 --  
St. Stephen III (II) -- 752 - 757 AR Eighth Siliqua/30 Nummi  
St. Paul I -- 757 - 767 AR Eighth Siliqua/30 Nummi  
Antipope Constantine II -- 767 - 768 None known  
Philip -- 768 None known  
Stephen IV (III) -- 768 - 772 AR Eighth Siliqua/30 Nummi  
Hadrian I -- 772 - 795 AR Denaro  
St. Leo III -- 795 - 816 AR Denaro  
Stephen V (IV) -- 816 - 817 AR Denaro  
St. Paschal I -- 817 - 824 AR Denaro  
Eugene II -- 824 - 827 AR Denaro  
Valentine -- 827 AR Denaro  
Gregory IV -- 827 - 844 AR Denaro  
Antipope John -- 844 None known  
Sergius II -- 844 - 847 AR Denaro  
St. Leo IV -- 847 - 855 AR Denaro  
Benedict III -- 855 - 858 AR Denaro  
Antipope Anastasius -- 855 None known  
St. Nicolas I -- 858 - 867 AR Denaro  
Hadrian II -- 867 - 872 AR Denaro  
John VIII -- 872 - 882 AR Denaro  
Marinus I -- 882 - 884 AR Denaro  
St. Hadrian III -- 884 - 885 AR Denaro  
Stephen VI (V) -- 885 - 891 AR Denaro  
Formosus -- 891 - 896 AR Denaro Accused at Cadaver Synod
Boniface VI -- 896 None known  
Stephen VII (VI) -- 896 - 897 AR Denaro  
Romanus -- 897 AR Denaro  
Theodore II -- 897 AR Denaro  
John IX -- 898 - 900 AR Denaro  
Benedict IV -- 900 - 903 AR Denaro  
Leo V -- 903 None known  
Antipope Christopher -- 903 - 904 No authentic examples known - all known examples suspected to be counterfeit Became Pope by forcibly removing Leo V. Considered a legitimate Pope until erased in the 20th century from the Annuario Pontificio
Sergius III -- 904 - 911 AR Denaro  
Anastasius III -- 911 - 913 AR Denaro  
Lando -- 913 - 914 None known  
John X -- 914 - 928 AR Denaro  
Leo VI -- 928 None known  
Stephen VIII (VII) -- 928 - 931 AR Denaro  
John XI -- 931 - 935 AR Denaro  
Leo VII -- 936 - 939 AR Denaro  
Stephen IX (VIII) -- 939 - 942 None known  
Marinus II -- 942 - 946 AR Denaro  
Agapitus II -- 946 - 955 AR Denaro  
John XII -- 955 - 964 AR Denaro  
Leo VIII -- 964 - 965 AR Denaro  
Benedict V -- 964 AR Denaro  
John XIII -- 965 - 972 AR Denaro  
Benedict VI -- 973 - 974 AR Denaro  
Benedict VII -- 974 - 983 AR Denaro  
John XIV -- 983 - 984 No known Papal issues from 983 - 1294, however, the Roman Senate issued anonymous coinage in the 12th-14th centuries and are listed in the Berman reference  
Antipope Boniface VII -- 984 - 985 --  
John XV -- 985 - 996 --  
Gregory V -- 996 - 999 --  
Antipope John XVI -- 997 - 998 --  
Sylvester II -- 999 - 1003 --  
John XVII -- 1003 --  
John XVIII -- 1003 - 1009 --  
Sergius IV -- 1009 - 1012 --  
Benedict VIII -- 1012 - 1024 --  
Antipope Gregory VI -- 1012 --  
John XIX -- 1024 - 1032 --  
Benedict IX -- 1032 - 1044 --  
Silvester III John Ottaviani of Crescenzi 1044 - 1045 -- Considered an Antipope by some, but is listed as a Pope by the Vatican
Benedict IX -- 1045 --  
Gregory VI -- 1045 - 1046 --  
Clement II -- 1046 - 1047 --  
Antipope Benedict IX -- 1047 - 1048 --  
Damascus II Poppo 1048 --  
St. Leo IX -- 1049 - 1054 --  
Victor II -- 1055 - 1057 --  
Stephen X (IX) -- 1057 - 1058 --  
Antipope Benedict X -- 1058 - 1059 --  
Nicolas II -- 1058 - 1061 --  
Alexander II di Badagio 1061 - 1073 --  
Antipope Honorius II -- 1061 - 1064 --  
St. Gregory VII Hildebrand 1073 - 1085 --  
Antipope Clement III -- 1080 - 1100 --  
Blessed Victor III -- 1087 --  
Blessed Urban II -- 1088 - 1099 --  
Paschal II -- 1099 - 1118 --  
Antipope Theodoric -- 1100 --  
Antipope Adalbert -- 1102 --  
Antipope Sylvester IV -- 1105 - 1111 --  
Gelasius II -- 1118 - 1119 --  
Calixtus II -- 1119 - 1124 --  
Antipope Gregory VIII -- 1118 - 1121 --  
Antipope Celestine -- 1124 --  
Honorius II -- 1124 - 1130 --  
Innocent II -- 1130 - 1143 --  
Antipope Anacletus II -- 1130 - 1138 --  
Antipope Victor IV -- 1138 --  
Celestine II -- 1143 - 1144 --  
Lucius II -- 1144 - 1145 --  
Blessed Eugene III Pignatelli 1145 - 1153 --  
Anastasius IV -- 1153 - 1154 --  
Hadrian IV Breakspear 1154 - 1159 --  
Alexander III Bandinelli 1159 - 1181 --  
Antipope Victor IV Ottaviano 1159 - 1164 --  
Antipope Paschal III -- 1164 - 1168 --  
Antipope Calixtus III -- 1168 - 1178 --  
Antipope Innocent III -- 1178 - 1180 --  
Lucius III Allucingoli 1181 - 1185 --  
Urban III Crivelli 1185 - 1187 --  
Gregory VIII Morra 1187 --  
Clement III Scolari 1187 - 1191 --  
Celestine III Boboni 1191 - 1198 --  
Innocent III Conti 1198 - 1216 --  
Honorius III Savelli 1216 - 1227 --  
Gregory IX Ugolino 1227 - 1241 --  
Celestine IV Castiglione 1241 --  
Innocent IV Fieschi 1243 - 1254 --  
Alexander IV Conti 1254 - 1261 --  
Urban IV Pantaleon 1261 - 1264 --  
Clement IV Foulques 1265 - 1268 --  
Sede Vacante   1268 - 1271 AR Grosso Paparino; Billon Denaro Paparino Restored Papel coinage issued
Gregory X Visconti 1271 - 1276 --  
Blessed Innocent V -- 1276 --  
Hadrian V Fieschi 1276 --  
John XXI Hispanus 1276 - 1277 --  
Nicolas III Orsini 1277 - 1280 --  
Martin IV Brie 1281 - 1285 --  
Honorius IV Savelli 1285 - 1287 --  
Nicolas IV Masci 1288 - 1292 --  
Sede Vacante ?   1293 --  
St. Celestine V Murrone 1294 --  
Boniface VIII Benedetto Caetani 1296 - 1303 AR Grosso Paparino; Billon Denaro Paparino  
Blessed Benedict XI Nicolo Boccasino 1303 - 1304 Billon Denaro Paparino  
Clement V Bertrand de Goth 1305 - 1314 AR Gros; Billon Denier  
Sede Vacante   1315 --  
John XXII Jacques Arnaud d'Euse 1316 - 1334 AR Grosso; AR Gros Tournois; Billon Picciolo; Billon Denaro; Billon Denier  
Antipope Nicolas V Rainalducci 1328 - 1330 --  
Benedict XII Jacques Fournier 1334 - 1342 AR Grosso; AR Grosso Paparone; Billon Picciolo; Billon Denaro Paparino  
Clement VI Pierre Roger de Beaufort 1342 - 1352 AR Gros; AR Gros Tournois; AR Sesino; Billon Denier; Billon Obole  
Innocent VI Etiene d'Aubert 1352 - 1362 AV Ducato Papale; AR Gros; Billon Obole; Billon Double Denier  
Blessed Urban V Guillaume de Grimoard 1362 - 1370 AV Florin; AR Grosso; AR Bolognino; AR Gros; AR Douzain; Billon Sesino; Billon Double Denier  
Gregory XI Pierre Roger de Beaufort 1370 - 1378 AV Florin; AR Bolognino; AR Gros (Carlin); Billon Double Denier; Billon Denier; Billon Denaro  
Urban VI Bartolomeo Prigano 1378 - 1389 AV Ducato; Billon Denaro Paparino; AR Half Gros; Billon Denier  
Antipope Clement VII Robert dei Conti del Genevois 1378 - 1394 AV Franc; AV Papal Florin; AV 24 Sols; AR Gros; AR Bolognino; AR/Billon Demi-Gros; Billon Double Denaro; Billon Double Denier; Billon Denaro Paparino; Billon Denier The first Antipope of the Great Schism
Boniface IX Tomacelli 1389 - 1404    
Antipope Benedict XIII de Luna 1394 - 1423    
Innocent VII Migliorati 1404 - 1406    
Gregory XII Correr 1406 - 1415    
Antipope Alexander V Phylargis 1409 - 1410    
Antipope John XXIII Cossa 1410 - 1415    
Sede Vacante ?   1416    
Martin V Colonna 1417 - 1431    
Antipope Clement VIII Munoz c. 1424 - 1429    
Antipope Benedict XIV Garnier 1425    
Eugene IV Condulmer 1431 - 1447    
Antipope Felix V of Savoy   1439 - 1449    
Nicolas V Parentucelli 1447 - 1455    
Calixtus III Borja 1455 - 1458    
Pius II Piccolomini 1458 - 1464    
Paul II Barbo 1464 - 1471    
Sixtus IV Della Rovere 1471 - 1484    
Innocent VIII Cybo 1484 - 1492    
Alexander VI Borja 1492 - 1503    
Pius III Piccolomini 1503    
Julius II Della Rovere 1503 - 1513    
Leo X Medici 1513 - 1521    
Hadrian VI Florensz 1522 - 1523    
Clement VII Medici 1523 - 1534    
Paul III Farnese 1534 - 1549    
Julius III Monte 1550 - 1555    
Marcellus II Cervini 1555    
Paul IV Carafa 1555 - 1559    
Pius IV Medici 1559 - 1565    
St. Pius V Ghisliere 1566 - 1572    
Gregory XIII Boncompagni 1572 - 1585    
Sixtus V Peretti 1585 - 1590    
Urban VII Castagna 1590    
Gregory XIV Sfondrati 1590 - 1591    
Innocent IX Facchinetti 1591    
Clement VIII Aldobrandini 1592 - 1605    
Leo XI Medici 1605    
Paul V Borghese 1605 - 1621    
Gregory XV Ludovisi 1621 - 1623    
Urban VIII Barberini 1623 - 1644    
Innocent X Pamphilj 1644 - 1655    
Alexander VII Chigi 1655 - 1667    
Clement IX Rospigliosi 1667 - 1669    
Clement X Altieri 1670 - 1676    
Innocent XI Odeschalchi 1676 - 1689    
Alexander VIII Ottoboni 1689 - 1691    
Innocent XII Pignatelli 1691 - 1700    
Clement XI Albani 1700 - 1721    
Innocent XIII Conti 1721 - 1724    
Benedict XIII Orsini 1724 - 1730    
Clement XII Corsini 1730 - 1740    
Benedict XIV Lambertini 1740 - 1758    
Clement XIII Rezzonico 1758 - 1769    
Clement XIV Ganganelli 1769 - 1774    
Pius VI Braschi 1775 - 1799    
Pius VII Chiaramonti 1800 - 1823    
Leo XII Della Ganga 1823 - 1829    
Pius VIII Castiglioni 1829 - 1830    
Gregory XVI Cappellari 1831 - 1846    
Second Roman Republic   1849   A short-lived Republican movement, fostered by the French Revolution
Pius IX Mastai-Ferretti 1846 - 1878    
Leo XIII Pecci 1878 - 1903    
St. Pius X Sarto 1903 - 1914    
Benedict XV della Chiesa 1914 - 1922    
Pius XI Ratti 1922 - 1939    
Pius XII Pacelli 1939 - 1958    
John XXIII Roncalli 1958 - 1963    
Paul VI Montini 1963 - 1978    
John Paul I Luciani 1978    
John Paul II Karol Wojtyla 1978 - 2005    
Benedict XVI Joseph Ratzinger 2005 - present    

 

Pope Blessed Urban V: September 28, 1362 - December 19, 1370

Pope Blessed Urban V, AR Bolognino, 1362-1370, Rome
. VRB : P P : QNTS .
Bust of Pope Blessed Urban V wearing mitre and robes, breaking inner circle
+ . IN ROMA .
Legend surrounding circle enclosing cross with center pellet, V . | R . | B . | I . in fields
Plain Edge
18mm x 19mm, 1.08g
Berman 199

Pope Martin V: November 11, 1417 - February 20, 1431

Pope Martin V, AR Carlin, 1417-1431, Avignon
MARTINUS-P . P . QUINTUS (AR ligate)
Pope Martin V seated facing on lion-headed bench, wearing papal tiara and vestments, right hand raised in benediction, staff in left hand
SANTVS . PETRVS:ET:PAVLVS (AN ligate)
Legend surrounding circle enclosing keys
Plain Edge
22mm x 24mm, 1.98g
Berman 285

Pope Innocent VIII: August 29, 1484 - July 25, 1492

Vatican, Pope Innocent VIII (1484-1492), AE Cavallo, 1485-1486, Aquila degli Abruzzi Mint
INNOCENTIVS PP VIII
Papal tiara over crossed keys
* AQVILANA LIBERTAS *
Crowned facing eagle
Plain edge
18mm x 19mm, 1.01g, Bronze
Berman 508

Note: Struck by barons in revolt against the King of Naples. They had placed themselves under papal sovereignty.


Vatican, Pope Innocent VIII (1484-1492), AE Cavallo, 1485-1486, Aquila degli Abruzzi Mint
INNOCENTIVS PP VIII
Papal tiara over crossed keys
* AQVILANA LIBERTAS *
Crowned facing eagle
Plain edge
18mm, 1.88g, Bronze
Berman 508

Pope Julius III: February 7, 1550 - March 23, 1555

Pope Julius III, AR Giulio, 1550-1555, Ancona
. IVLIVS . III .-. PONT . MAX .
Mitre and crossed keys over garnished oval arms
S . PETRVS .-* ANCONA .
Saint Peter standing facing, head left, book of Gospels in left hand
Plain Edge
27mm x 29mm, 3.00g
Berman 1013

Pope Paul IV: May 23, 1555-August 18, 1559


Vatican, Pope Paul IV (1555-1559), AR Testone, Undated, Rome Mint
PAVLVS IIII - PONT MAX
Mitre and crossed keys over garnished oval arms
APOSTOLVS- S PETRVS
Saint Peter, enthroned facing, nimbate head left, key in left hand, right hand raised in benediction, RO_MA and globus cruciger in exergue
Plain Edge
29mm x 30mm, 8.22g
Berman 1039 variant

Note: Variant for reverse legend on opposite sides and St. Peter facing opposite direction.


Vatican, Pope Paul IV (1555-1559), AR Giulio, Undated, Ancona Mint
PAVLVS IIII - PONT MAX
Mitre and crossed keys over garnished oval arms
S PAVLVS-* ANCON_A
Saint Paul standing facing, head right, book of Gospels in left hand, sword upward in right
Plain Edge
26mm x 27mm, 2.42g
Berman 1046

Pope Clement VIII: January 30, 1592-March 3, 1605

Vatican, Pope Clement VIII (1592-1605), AE Quattrino, 1600, Holy Year Issue, Rome Mint
CLEM VIII - PONT MA
Papal tiara over crossed keys surmounting crest
/ M / / DC /
Year inscribed on Holy Door all within wreath
Plain edge
21mm x 22mm, 2.67g, Bronze
Berman 1473

Pope Innocent X: September 15, 1644 - January 7, 1655

Vatican, Pope Innocent X (1644-1655), AE Quattrino, 1650/1651, Regnal Year 6, Gubbio Mint
P M A VI-INNOC X
Papal tiara over crossed keys surmounting crest, F | G across fields
SANCTVS-P_AVLVS AP
St. Paul, nimbate, standing facing, long cross in left hand, book of Gospels in right
Plain edge
19mm x 20mm, 2.90g, Bronze
Berman 1869

Pope Innocent XI: September 21, 1676 - August 12, 1689

Pope Innocent XI, AR Grosso, 1676-1689
INNOC .-. XI . P . M .
Crest with keys
SANCTVS PETRVS APOST
Nimbate, draped bust of St. Peter right
ROMA in exergue
Plain Edge
19mm, 1.36g
Berman 2119

Pope Clement XI: November 23, 1700 - March 19, 1721

Vatican, Pope Clement XI, AR Grosso, 1714/15, Regnal Year 15, Rome Mint
CLEM XI-P M A XV
Papal crest surmounted by tiara and  keys
S PAVLVS + APOST
Draped bust of St. Peter left
Plain edge
19mm, 1.28g
Berman 2433

Pope Benedict XIV: August 17, 1740 - May 3, 1758

Vatican, Pope Benedict XIV (1740-1758), AE Quattrino, Undated, Ravenna Mint
(No legend)
Papal arms
S AP-P RAV
Saint Apollinaris standing facing, head left, long cross in left hand, right hand open downward toward church at feet to left
Plain Edge
19mm x 20mm, 1.75g
Berman 2877

Pope Clement XIII: July 6, 1758 - February 2, 1769

Pope Clement XIII (1758-1769), AR Grosso, 1764 (Regnal Year 7)
CLEM . XIII-PON . MA VII
Crest with keys
VTERE / QVASI . HOMO / FRVGI / 1764
Legend in three lines, date below, all in laurel wreath
Plain Edge
19mm, 1.19g
Berman 2907

Pope Pius VI: February 15, 1775 - August 29, 1799

Vatican, Pope Pius VI (1775-1799), AR Testone, 1796, Regnal Year 22, Rome Mint
PIVS SEXTVS-PONT M A XXII
Papal crest surmounted by tiara and keys, T M below
SANCTVS PET_RVS SANCTVS-ANDREAS
Saint Peter and Saint Andrew standing facing, 17_96 and head of Christ in exergue
Plain edge
29mm x 31mm, 7.53g, Silver
Berman 2962


Vatican, Pope Pius VI, AE 2 Baiocchi, 1786, Regnal Year 12, Rome Mint
PIVS SEXTVS-PONT M A XII
Papal crest surmounted by tiara and keys
DVE / BAIOCCHI / ROMANI / *
Legend in three lines in wreath
Plain edge
39mm, 23.58g, Copper
Berman 2991


Pope Pius VI, Carlino (5 Bolognini), 1778, Bologna
(No legend)
Shield of the city of Bologna on baroque frame, * 1778 * below
* PIVS * VI * PONT *-MAXIM *
Lily plant
* B * 5 * in exergue
Plain Edge
19mm x 20mm, 1.39g, Silver
Berman 3060


Pope Pius VI, AE 2 Baiocchi, 1796, Bologna
*BONONIA*-*DOCET* / BAIOCCHI . 2 .
Rampant lion left
* / *PIUS* / *SEXTVS* / *PONTIFEX* / *MAXIMVS*
Legend in four lines
MDCCXCVI / * design * in exergue
Plain Edge
Copper, 21.12g, 37mm
Berman 3067
Ex Civitas Galleries, CICF show, April 2005


Pope Pius VI, AE 2-1/2 Baiocchi, 1797, Emergency Coinage during the French Revolution, Fermo
S . P APOSTOLOR . PRINCEPS
Draped, haloed bust of St. Peter left, keys in right hand
*** / BAIOCCHI / DVE E MEZZO / FERMO / 1797
Legend in three lines with date below
Plain Edge
Copper, 12.60g, 29mm x 30mm
Berman -- (cf. 3094-3095)
Ex Nilus Coins, CICF show, April 2006

Note: Berman lists 3094 as the full-size 2-1/2 Baiocchi as approximately 17.00g and 3095 as the reduced 2-1/2 Baiocchi at approximately 8.50g

Pope Pius VII: March 14, 1800 - August 20, 1823

Pope Pius VII, AR Scudo, 1802, Rome
PIVS-VII-PON . M . AN . III
Crest with keys
AVXILIVM-DE-SANCTO
The Church seated facing on a cloud
Security Edge of Leaves
Silver, 26.40g, 42mm
Berman 3220


Pope Pius VII, AE Mezzo (1/2) Baiocco, 1802, Rome
PONTIFICATV-AN . SECVNDO / M . BAI
Crest with keys
PIVS / SEPTIMVS / PONTIFEX / MAXIMVS / MDCCCII / * * *
Legend in five lines
Plain Edge
Copper, 4.97g, 26mm
Berman 3239
Ex Civitas Galleries, CICF show, April 2005


Pope Pius VII, AE Quattrino, 1816, Bologna
PONTIFICAT-ANNO XVI / QVATTRINO
Crest with keys
* / *PIVS* / SEPTIMVS / PONTIFEX / MAXIMVS
Legend in four lines
MDCCCXVI / B in exergue
Plain Edge
Copper, 2.47g, 21mm
Berman 3244
Ex Civitas Galleries, CICF show, April 2005

Pope Leo XII: September 28, 1823 - February 10, 1829

Pope Leo XII, AE Mezzo (1/2) Baiocco, 1825, Rome
LEO XII-P . M . A . II
Crest with keys, R below
MEZZO / BAIOCCO / ROM . / 1825
Legend surrounded by laurel-wreath
Plain Edge
Copper, 5.17g, 26mm
Berman 3258
Ex Civitas Galleries, CICF show, April 2005

Second Roman Republic (Repubblica Romana) - February 9, 1849 - July 3, 1849
A short-lived Republican movement, fostered by the French Revolution, submerged the Papal States in 1798-1799. They reappeared in 1814 and except for the Republican movement of 1849, maintained their authority until 1860.

Second Roman Republic, Billon 40 Baiocchi, 1849, Rome
REPUBBLICA ROMANA * 1849 *
40 / BAIOCCHI
Flower DIO E POPOLO
Eagle standing facing on fasces, wings spread, head right, all within laurel wreath, R below
Plain Edge
20.0000g, .200 Silver, .1286oz ASW, 35mm
Berman 3296
Ex Civitas Galleries, CICF show, April 2005


Second Roman Republic, Billon 4 Baiocchi, 1849, Rome
REPUBBLICA ROMANA * 1849 *
4 / BAIOCCHI
Flower DIO E POPOLO
Eagle standing facing on fasces, wings spread, head right, all within laurel wreath, R below
Plain Edge
1.9500g, .200 Silver, .0125oz ASW, 18mm
Berman 3299
Ex Civitas Galleries, CICF show, April 2005


Second Roman Republic, 3 Baiocchi, 1849, Rome
REPUBBLICA ROMANA * 1849 *
3 / BAIOCCHI
Flower DIO E POPOLO
Eagle standing facing on fasces, wings spread, head right, all within laurel wreath, R below
Plain Edge
Copper, 25.91g, 37mm
Berman 3300
Ex Civitas Galleries, CICF show, April 2005


Second Roman Republic, AE Baiocco, 1849, Rome
REPUBBLICA ROMANA * 1849 *
1 / BAIOCCO
Flower DIO E POPOLO
Eagle standing facing on fasces, wings spread, head right, all within laurel wreath, R below
Plain Edge
Copper, 9.97g, 30mm
Berman 3301
Ex Civitas Galleries, CICF show, April 2005


Second Roman Republic, AE 1/2 Baiocco, 1849, Rome
REPUBBLICA ROMANA * 1849 *
1/2 / BAIOCCO
Flower DIO E POPOLO
Eagle standing facing on fasces, wings spread, head right, all within laurel wreath, R below
Plain Edge
Copper, 5.00g, 24mm
Berman 3302
Ex Civitas Galleries, CICF show, April 2005

Pope Pius IX: June 16, 1846 - February 7, 1878

Pope Pius IX, AR 5 Baiocchi, 1858, Rome Mint
PIVS . IX . PON . - MAX . ANN . XIII .
Crest with keys
5 / BAIOCCHI / 1858 / R
Legend surrounded by laurel-wreath
Reeded Edge
1.4280g, .800 Silver, .0367oz ASW, 17mm
Berman 3319
Ex Civitas Galleries, CICF show, April 2005


Pope Pius IX, AE Baiocco, 1846, Rome Mint
PIVS . IX . PON . - MAX . ANNO . I .
Crest with keys
BAIOCCO / 1846
Legend surrounded by laurel-wreath, R below
Plain Edge
Copper, 10.16g, 30mm
Berman 3325
Ex Civitas Galleries, CICF show, April 2005


Pope Pius IX, AE Mezzo (1/2) Baiocco, 1851, Rome
PIVS . IX . PONT . - MAX . ANN . VI .
Crest with keys
1/2 / BAIOCCO / 1851 / R
Legend surrounded by laurel-wreath
Plain Edge
Copper, 4.94g, 23mm
Berman 3328
Ex Civitas Galleries, CICF show, April 2005


Pope Pius IX, AR 2 Lire, 1867, Rome
PIVS IX PON .-MAX . A . XXII
Mantled bust of Pius IX left, wearing zucchetto
STATO * PONTIFICIO *
Legend surrounding wreath enclosing denomination and date, mint mark below
Reeded Edge
10.0000g, .835 Silver, .2684oz ASW, 28mm
Mintage: 1,220,000
Berman 3339


Pope Pius IX, AE 2 Soldi, 1866, Rome
PIVS . IX . PONT . MAX . ANN . XXI
Mantled bust of Pius IX left, wearing zucchetto, date below
STATO PONTIFICIO * 10. CENT. *
Legend surrounding dotted circle enclosing denomination and mint mark
Plain Edge
Copper, 33mm, 9.52g
Mintage: 3,500,000
Berman 3347

Pope Pius XI: February 6, 1922 - February 10, 1939

Vatican, Pope Pius XI, 50 Centisimi, 1931, Regnal Year 10, Rome
PIVS . XI . PONT-MAX . AN . X
Papal crest, 19_31 below
STATO DELLA CIT_TA' DEL VATICANO
Archangel Michael, C . | 50 across fields
Reeded Edge
24mm, 6.03g, Nickel
Mintage: 80,000
Berman 3358

Pope Pius XII: March 2, 1939 - October 9, 1958

Vatican, Pope Pius XII, 2 Lire, 1941, Regnal Year 3, Rome
PIVS XII PONTIF_EX MAXIMVS A III / 19_41
Mitre and crossed keys over Papal crest
STATO DELLA CIT_TA' DEL VATICANO
The Good Shepherd standing facing, L. 2 across fields
Reeded Edge
29mm, 9.86g, Stainless Steel
Mintage: 270,000
Berman 3376


Pope Pius XII, AL 5 Lire, 1950, Rome, Holy Year issue
PIVS . XII . P . MAX .-A . IVB . MCML .
Mantled bust of Pope Pius XII left, wearing cap
STATO . DELL . CITTA . DEL . VATICANO
Pope and holy fraternity standing facing in open doorway, IANVA . COEL above, denomination across fields
Reeded Edge
Aluminum, 2.50g, 27mm
Mintage: 50,000
Berman 3401


Pope Pius XII, AL 5 Lire, 1953, Rome
PIVS . XII-P . M . AN . XV
Mantled bust of Pope Pius XII right, wearing cap
CITTA . DE_L-VATICANO
Justice standing facing, sword in right hand, scales in left, date in left field, denomination in right field
IVSTITIA in exergue
Plain Edge
Aluminum, 1.00g, 21mm
Mintage: 1,500,000
Berman 3411


Pope Pius XII, AL 2 Lire, 1951, Rome
PIVS . XII . PONT . MAX . A . XIII
Coat of arms
CITTA . DEL-VATICANO
Fortitude standing facing, mace in right hand, left hand on lion's head who sits behind her, date in right field, denomination in left field
FORTITVDO in exergue
Reeded Edge
Aluminum, 0.80g, 19mm
Mintage: 400,000
Berman 3412


Pope Pius XII, AL 2 Lire, 1952, Rome
PIVS . XII . PONT . MAX . A . XIV
Coat of arms
CITTA . DEL-VATICANO
Fortitude standing facing, mace in right hand, left hand on lion's head who sits behind her, date in right field, denomination in left field
FORTITVDO in exergue
Reeded Edge
Aluminum, 0.80g, 19mm
Mintage: 400,000
Berman 3412


Pope Pius XII, AL 2 Lire, 1953, Rome
PIVS . XII . PONT . MAX . A . XV
Coat of arms
CITTA . DEL-VATICANO
Fortitude standing facing, mace in right hand, left hand on lion's head who sits behind her, date in right field, denomination in left field
FORTITVDO in exergue
Reeded Edge
Aluminum, 0.80g, 19mm
Mintage: 400,000
Berman 3412


Pope Pius XII, AL Lira, 1952, Rome
PIVS . XII . PONT . MAX . ANNO . XIV
Coat of arms
CITTA . DEL-VATICANO
Temperance standing facing, pouring water into bowl, date in right field, denomination in left field
TEMPERANTIA in exergue
Plain Edge
Aluminum, 0.62g, 18mm
Mintage: 400,000
Berman 3413


Pope Pius XII, AL Lira, 1953, Rome
PIVS . XII . PONT . MAX . ANNO . XV
Coat of arms
CITTA . DEL-VATICANO
Temperance standing facing, pouring water into bowl, date in right field, denomination in left field
TEMPERANTIA in exergue
Plain Edge
Aluminum, 0.62g, 18mm
Mintage: 400,000
Berman 3413


Pope Pius XII, Mint Set, 1950, Holy Year Issues, Rome
1 Lira: Aluminum; 21mm; Mintage: 50,000; Berman 3403
2 Lira: Aluminum; 24mm; Mintage: 50,000; Berman 3402
5 Lira: Aluminum; 27mm; Mintage: 50,000; Berman 3401
10 Lira: Aluminum; 29mm; Mintage: 60,000; Berman 3400
100 Lira: Gold; 20mm, 5.19g, 1.9000 Gold, .1501 AGW; Mintage: 20,000; Berman 3399

Sede Vacante: October 9-28, 1958

Vatican, Sede Vacante, AR 500 Lire, 1958, Rome, Arms of Camerlengo Cardinal Benedetto Aloisi-Masella
SEDE VACANTE MCMLVIII
Canopy and crossed keys over shield
VENI-SANCTE SPIR_ITVS / STATO DELLA CITTA' / DEL VATICANO / L. 500
Radiant dove
Raised edge lettering: STATO DELLA CITTA DEL VATICANO
29mm, 11.00g, 0.8350 Silver, .2953oz. ASW
Mintage: 100,000
Berman 3414

Pope Paul VI: June 21, 1963-August 6, 1978

Vatican, Pope Paul VI, AR 500 Lire, 1973, Regnal Year 11, Rome
* PAVLVS * VI * P M -* A XI * MCMLXXIII * 
Mitre and crossed keys over shield of arms
**** CITTA' * DEL * VATICANO **** L. 500
Ear of grain and bunch of grapes
Raised edge lettering: +++ IN NOMINE DOMINI
29mm, 11.00g, 0.8350 Silver, .2953oz. ASW
Mintage: 145,000
Berman 3473