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Ancient Deities and Personifications

The purpose of this page is to find examples of each deity and personification in order to assist in attributions where the coin may be worn or has legends missing.  Each figure represented usually has some identifying characteristics, although some attributes are shared by many.

 Coin Example Name Representation Attributes Description of Coin Displayed
Abundantia Abundance cornucopiae, grain stalks ABVNDANTIA AVG

Abundantia standing right, emptying coins from cornucopiae

Aegyptos

Personification of Egypt crocodile, sistrum, stork, rattle AEGYPTOS

Egypt reclining left, holding sistrum in right hand and resting left arm on basket, ibis or stork at feet
Aequitas Equity cornucopiae, balance-scales, scepter AEQVITAS AVGG

Aequitas standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Aesculapius Healing snake staff, omphalos CONSERVATOR AVG

Aesculapius standing facing, head left, leaning on snake staff with right hand, right hand holding back drapery of robe, globe at left foot
Aeternitas Stability globe, phoenix, scepter, torch, sometimes holding the heads of the sun and moon AETERNITAS

Aeternitas standing front, head left, phoenix on globe in right hand, leaning on column with left arm
Africa Personification of North Africa scorpion, basket of grain, cornucopiae, snake-headdress, elephant headdress, tusk, lion AFRICA

Africa reclining left, holding scorpion and cornucopiae
Africa Personification of North Africa scorpion, basket of grain, cornucopiae, snake-headdress, elephant headdress, tusk, lion FELIX ADVENT AVGG N N

Africa standing facing in long drapery, head left in elephant-skin headdress, standard in right hand, tusk in left, lion at feet to left with captured bull

  Alamannia Personification of Alamannia  
Alexandria Personification of Alexandria, Egypt sistrum, snake, basket ALEXANDRIA

Alexandria standing left, sistrum in right hand, snake in basket in left hand
Annona Wheat harvest grain stalks, cornucopiae, modius, prow ANNONA AVGG

Annona standing left, holding corn-ears in right hand over modius, cornucopiae in left
Antiochia Personification of the city of Antioch   GENIO ANTIOCHENI

Tyche of Antioch seated, facing on rocks, Orontes swimming beneath her
Anubis Egyptian god of the Underworld dog head, sistrum VOTA PVBLICA

Anubis standing facing, head left, sistrum in right hand, caduceus in left
Apollo Sun, arts and prophecy long hair, lyre, bow and arrow APOLINI CONSERVAT

Apollo, bare to waist, chlamys spread behind, standing facing, head left, branch in right hand, left hand on lyre
Armenia Personification of Armenia fez-like hat  TR P III . IMP II COS II

Armenia seated left on ground, surrounded by arms, supporting chin with right hand, standard with banner waving in wind in background to left

  Asia Personification of Asia  
Bonus Eventus Agriculture pouring libations from patera over altar and holding cornucopiae BONVS EVENTVS

Bonus Eventus, nude, standing facing, head left, patera in right hand over lit altar at left, corn ears in left

Britannia Personification of the British Province  
Cabiri Sons of Vulcan  
Cappadocia Personification of Cappadocia in Central Asia Minor  
Carthage Personification of the city of Carthage fruits SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART

Carthage standing facing, head left, in long robe, fruits in both hands
Castor One of the Dioscuri, a son of Jupiter star, cap, horse CAST_OR

Castor standing facing, head left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, scepter in left hand, reins of horse in right, horse standing left in background, right front leg raised 

Ceres Grain grain ears, torch, veiled head CERES

Ceres, veiled, seated left on cista, corn ears in right hand, torch in left
Clementia Mercy olive twig CLEMENTIA AVG

Clementia standing left, patera in right hand, scepter in left
Concordia Unity and agreement cornucopiae, scepter, patera P M TR P COS II

Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, resting left elbow on statue of Spes, cornucopiae under chair

CONCORD in exergue

Constantia Steadiness armored figure CONSTANTIAE-AVGVSTI

Constantia seated left on curule chair, feet on stool, right hand raised

Constantinopolis Personification of the city of Constantinople   CONCORDIA AVGG

Constantinopolis seated facing, spear in right hand, Victory on globe in left hand, right foot on prow
Constantinopolis Personification of the city of Constantinople   CONSTANTINOPOLIS

Laureate, helmeted, bust of Constantinople left, wearing imperial cloak, reversed spear over left shoulder
Cybele Mother of the gods turreted and veiled head, lions MATER DEVM

Cybele seated left on a throne, flanked by two lions, branch in right hand, scepter in left, left arm resting on drum
Dacia Personification of the Dacian region on the lower Danube basin draco battle standard, pointed cap DACIA

Dacia standing left, wearing robes, draco battle standard in right hand
Dacia Personification of the Dacian region on the lower Danube basin draco battle standard, pointed cap COS V P P S P Q R OPTIMO PRINC / DAC CAP in exergue

Dacia, wearing pointed cap, bound and seated left on a pile of arms and shields
Danube Personification of the Danube River reclining figure, urn, ship's prow COS V P P S P Q R OPTIMO PRINC / DANVVIVS in exergue

The Danube River reclining left on rocks, cloak floating above, left arm resting on urn, right hand on ship's prow
Dea Caelestis Patron deity of the city of Carthage INDVLGENTIA AVGG / IN CARTH in exergue

Dea Caelestis, holding thunderbolt and scepter, riding a lion right, behind them a spring gushes from a rock

This coin refers to the construction of an aqueduct in Carthage, ca 203. The somewhat confusing aspect to this coin is that the legend reads INDVLGENTIA. In this context, the word is actually literal and not metaphorical. It refers to the indulgence of the Emperor on building waterways for the city and not the personification of Indulgence
Diana Hunting and Moon crescent moon, torch, bow and arrow, hunting dog, deer DIANA LVCIFERA

Diana standing right, holding lit torch in both hands
Diana Hunting and Moon crescent moon, torch, bow and arrow, hunting dog, deer DIANA FELIX

Diana walking right, drawing arrow and holding bow, hound at foot
Diana Hunting and Moon crescent moon, torch, bow and arrow, hunting dog, deer P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P

Diana, crescent on head, riding left in biga of bulls
Dioscuri Castor and Pollux, sons of Jupiter twins, stars, horses AETERNITAS AVG N

Castor and Pollux, each with a star above cap, naked but for chlamys hanging from shoulders, standing facing each other, each leaning on scepter with outer arm and holding bridled horse with inner arm, wolf and twins between them
Euphrates Personification of the Euphrates River   SE_CVRITAS PVBLICA

Euphrates reclining right on ground, leaning on scepter in right hand, urn at side, reed in background

Fecunditas Fertility figure with children FECVNDITAS

Fecunditas standing right, infant in left hand, scepter in right 
Felicitas Happiness and Success caduceus, scepter FELICITAS PVBLICA

Felicitas standing left,   caduceus in right hand, left arm resting on column
Fides Militum Faithfulness of the Army standards FIDES MILITVM

Fides Militum standing facing, head left, holding two standards
Fortuna Luck and Fate cornucopiae, olive twig, patera, rudder, wheel FORTVNAE MVLIEBRI

Fortuna seated left, rudder on globe in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Gallia Personification of the Gallic province of Gaul   RESTITVTORI GALLIAE

Hadrian standing right, raising kneeling Gallia
Genius Guardian Spirit turreted figure, patera, cornucopiae GENIO POPVLI ROMANI

Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, liquors flowing from patera in right hand, cornucopiae in left
  Germania Personification of Germany  
Hercules Strength lion-skin, club, quiver, bow VIRTVTI AVGG

Hercules right, wrestling with the Nemean lion, club on ground behind him
Hilaritas Cheerfullness/Joy palm branch, cornucopiae, scepter, patera, children HILAR TEMPOR

Hilaritas standing left,  palm in right hand,  cornucopiae in left
Hispania Personification of Spain branch, rabbit HISPANIA

Spain reclining left, resting left arm on rock and holding branch in right, rabbit before
Honos Honor togate figure, branch, cornucopiae COS II

Honos, togate, standing left, branch in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Indulgentia Tenderness   INDVLGENTIAE AVG

Indulgentia seated left, patera in right hand, scepter in left
Isis Egyptian goddess of the Underworld sistrum, bucket ISIS FARIA

Draped bust of Isis right, wearing hem-hem crown topped by lotus flower
Italia Personification of Italy scepter, cornucopiae ITALIA

Italy standing left, holding scepter and cornucopiae
Italia Personification of Italy scepter, cornucopiae TR POT COS III

Italia seated left on globe, scepter in left hand, cornucopiae in right

ITALIA in exergue
Janus Time/Ages two-faced figure TR P III COS II P P

Janus standing facing, faces looking left and right, reversed spear in right hand, thunderbolt in left
Jove Jupiter, King of the gods thunderbolt, scepter, eagle, small figure of Victory, globe IOVI CONSERVATORI

Jupiter, nude, drapery over left arm and spread behind, standing facing, head left, thunderbolt in right hand, scepter in left, small figure of Macrinus standing facing at left, head right, left arm extended
Judea Personification of Judea  
Juno Queen of the gods, childbirth peacock, scepter, patera IVNONI REGINAE

Juno standing left, patera in right hand, scepter in left, peacock before at feet
Justitia Justice olive twig, patera, scepter
Laetitia Joy and Good Grace wreath, scepter, rudder steering globe, anchor LAETITIA AVG N

Laetitia standing facing, head left, wreath in right hand, anchor in left
Liber Wine wine cup, thyrsos staff, crown of ivy leaves, panther LIBERO PATRI

Liber (Bacchus) standing facing, head left, thyrsus in left hand, oenochoe in right hand over panther at feet facing left, right forepaw raised 
Liberalitas Generosity coin shaker, cornucopiae LIBERALITAS AVG III

Liberalitas standing left, coin-shaker in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Libertas Liberty pileus, scepter LIBERTAS AVGG

Libertas standing left, pileus in right hand,  scepter in left, leaning on column with left arm
Luna Alternate manifestation of Diana   LVNA LVCIFERA

Luna standing right, crescent on head, drapery flying, long torch in both hands
Mars War spear, shield, trophy, crested helmet, branch MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI

Mars, nude, helmeted, advancing right, chlamys flying behind, spear pointing forward in right hand, shield in left
Mars War spear, shield, trophy, crested helmet, branch PONTIF TR P VIII COS II

Mars, helmeted, nude, cloak (?) hanging from left elbow, branch downward in right hand, spear downward in left, right foot on helmet
  Mauretania Personification of Mauretania in Africa  
Mercury Messenger of the gods caduceus, petasos, marsuppium PIETAS AVGG

Mercury standing left, purse in right hand, caduceus in left 
Minerva Wisdom spear, shield, crested helmet, aegis, owl, small figure of Victory, prow SECVRITAS PERPETVA

Minerva standing left with aegis on breast, resting right hand on shield set on ground, transverse spear in left
Moneta Money scales, cornucopiae SACR MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR

Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Nemesis Avenging Spirit caduceus, snake, wheel, spear pointed down  
Neptune Sea dolphin, trident, tripod, figurehead of prow, prow NEPTVN AVG

Neptune standing left, dolphin in right hand, trident in left
Nilus Personification of the River Nile hippopotamus, reeds, sphinx, crocodile NILVS

Nilus reclining right, holding reed and cornucopiae, leaning on urn, hippopotamus in front, crocodile below

Nobilitas Nobility palladium, scepter NOBILIT AVG P M TR P XII IMP VIII COS V P P

Nobilitas standing facing, head right, statuette of Minerva (?) in left hand, vertical scepter in right

Ops Abundance/Wealth grain stalks, scepter OPI DIVIN TR P COS II

Ops seated left, two grain ears in right hand

Orontes River god swimming figure GENIO ANTIOCHENI

Antioch seated, facing on rocks, Orontes swimming beneath her
Pannonia Personification of the province of Pannonia veiled figure, standard PANNONIAE

The two Pannoniae, veiled, standing facing each other, clasping right hands in front of standard in center
Pax Peace olive twig, scepter, cornucopiae, caduceus PAX FVNDATA CVM PERSIS

Pax standing left, branch upward in right hand, scepter in left
Pietas Devotion veiled and sacrificing over an altar PIETAS AVG

Pietas standing facing, head left, sprinkling incense with right hand over lit altar at left, box of perfumes in left
Providentia Foresight imperial baton, globe PROV DEOR TR P II COS II

Providentia standing left, globe in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Pudicita Virtue, Chastity PVDICITIA

Pudicitia, veiled, seated left, facing front, right hand on breast, scepter in left hand
Quies Rest, Retirement branch, scepter QVIES AVGG

Quies standing facing, head left, branch downward in right hand, scepter in left
Ravenna Personification of Ravenna in the western empire
Roma Personification of Rome armored figure with small figure of Victory, scepter VRBS ROMA

Helmeted with plume, bust left in imperial mantle
Roma Personification of Rome armored figure with small figure of Victory, scepter VICTORIA AAVGGG

Roma seated left on cuirass, Victory on globe in right hand, inverted spear in left hand
Saeculum Frugiferum Personification of the Golden Age
SAEC FRVGIF COS II

Saeculum Frugiferum, radiate, bare to waist, standing left, caduceus in right hand, trident in left

Salus Health, Safety snake SALVS POSTVMI AVG

Salus standing right, feeding serpent in arms
Sarmatia Personification of Sarmatia, part of modern day Poland and Russia
Saturn Agriculture, Sowing, Harvesting harpa AETERNITAS AVG

Saturn, veiled, standing right, harpa in left hand
Securitas Security hand on head SECVRIT PERP

Securitas standing left, leaning on a column, hand on her head
Securitas Security hand on head, globe SECVRIT IMPERII

Securitas seated left, globe in right hand, left arm resting on arm of chair
Segesta Grain DEAE SEGETIAE

Segetiae standing facing, both hands raised, in quadrastyle temple
Senatus Embodiment of the Roman Senate GENIO SENATVS

Genius of the Roman Senate standing facing in long robes, head left, branch upward in right hand, scepter in left
Sicilia Personification of Sicily
Sol Sun radiate crown, globe, whip, captives ORIENS AVG

Sol treading down captive at left, right hand raised, globe in left, another captive at right
Sol Sun radiate crown, globe, whip, captives SOLI INVICTO

Sol in quadriga facing, holding whip
Sol Sun radiate crown, globe, whip, captives SOLI INVICTO

Sol, radiate, standing left in long robe, right hand raised, head of Serapis in left
Spes Hope flower, hitches skirt SPES PVBLICA

Spes walking left, flower in right hand, hitching her skirt with left
Tellus Personification of the Earth plow, rake TELLVS STABIL

Tellus standing facing, head left, right breast exposed, plow handle in right hand,  rake in left, two grain ears growing behind
Thanatos Death wings, transverse torch extinguishing fire of life
Tranquilitas Tranquility rudder, grain ears TRANQVILLITAS AVGG

Tranquillitas standing left, capricorn in right hand, scepter in left
Uberitas Fruitfulness grapes, cornucopiae, marsuppium VBERITAS AVG

Uberitas standing left, purse in right hand, cornucopiae in left
Venus Beauty apple, small figure of Victory, rudder VENERI VICTRICI

Venus standing facing, head left, apple in uplifted right hand, raising drapery over left shoulder with left hand
Venus Beauty apple, small figure of Victory, rudder, Cupid VENVS VICTRIX

Venus, naked to waist, standing left, holding apple and palm, resting left elbow on shield, Cupid at feet left
Venus Beauty apple, small figure of Victory, rudder, Cupid VENVS VICTRIX

Venus standing left, helmet in right hand, scepter in left and leaning on shield with left arm
Vesta Public Health patera and scepter, simplum, palladium, torch P M TR P COS IIII P P

Vesta seated left, patera in right hand, torch in left
Vesta Public Health patera and scepter, simplum, palladium, torch COS V P P S P Q R OPTIMO PRINC

Vesta seated left, palladium in right hand, scepter in left

VESTA in exergue
Victoria Victory wings, wreath, cross, palm VICTORIA AVG

Victory advancing left, palm in right hand, trophy in left
Victoria Victory wings, wreath, cross, palm S C

Victory flying left, hitching her skirt with right hand, holding shield inscribed S P Q R in left hand
Victoria Victory wings, wreath, cross, palm VICTORIA GERM

Victory standing left, wreath upward in right hand, palm in left, seated captive at feet to left
Virtus Courage, Virtue armored figure, one breast exposed, holding figure of Victory VIRTVS AVG

Virtus, helmeted, right breast exposed, standing left, Victory in right hand, left hand resting on shield, spear against left arm
Vulcan Fire, Iron, Weaponry hammer, tongs REGI ARTIS

Vulcan standing facing, head right, hammer in right hand, tongs in left

 

 

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