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Q Pomponius Musa

Roman Republican


Romano-Campania, AR Didrachm, 280-275 BC (Thomsen), 275-270 BC (Crawford), 270 BC (Burnett) 260 BC (Rutter), Rome (Burnett), Uncertain Mint (Crawford, Rutter)
ROMANO
Laureate head of Apollo left in beaded circle
(No legend)
Horse prancing right, star with eight rays in upper field, all in beaded circle
21mm, 7.04g
Romano 6; Crawford 15/1b; Sydenham 4

Note: A note of gratitude to Andrew McCabe for his excellent site on Roman Republican coins, where I was able to find the latest dating information for this series.

Some notes from Republican expert, Scott Rottinghaus (February, 2010):

This is the rarest didrachm of the series. Here are all of the other examples I could find from previous sales:

M&M, June 1975
NAC 1, Lot 546, 29 Mar 1989, 8-star, gVF (a wonderful coin), est CHF 2,000
Kevin Barry, Private Treaty, 1990s
NFA XXVII, 1991, 8-star, EF, realized $1,900
NAC E, Lot 2617, 4 Apr 1995, 16-star, VF (but inferior to above coin due to centering), realized CHF 650 on estimate of 400
NAC K, Lot 1418, 30 Mar 2000, 8-star, VF (nicer than above coin due to surfaces), est CHF 650
NAC 21, Lot 142, 17 May 2001, 16-star, VF (really nice), est CHF 2,200
NAC L, Lot 1428, 18 May 2001, 8-star, VF (really nice), est CHF 1,500
CNG, Mail Bid 61, Lot 1091, 25 Sept 2002, 16-star, VF, realized $475 on estimate of $300
Wayne von Hardenberg, Private Treaty, 2007


Roman Republican, Anonymous Issue, Aes Grave Sextans, 280-245 BC (275 BC?), Second Series, Rome
(No legend)
Head of one of the Dioscuri, wearing pileus, two pellets behind
(No legend)
Head of the other Dioscurus, wearing pileus, two pellets behind
34mm x 39mm, 47.72g
RRC 18/5; CRR 19, 55; ICC (Thurlow & Vecchi) 12, 12a; Sear Millenium 552


Roman Republican, Anonymous Issue, AE Litra, 230-226 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Laureate head of Apollo right
ROMA
Free horse prancing left
16mm, 3.69g
Seaby 595, Sydenham 29

Consignor notes: VF. Little wear, well-centered, much better in hand, some overall porosity.


Roman Republican, Anonymous Issue, AE Uncia, 217-215 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Helmeted head of Roma left, pellet behind
ROMA
Prow right
Pellet in exergue
24mm x 25mm, 11.68g
Crawford 38/6; Sydenham 86


Roman Republican, Anonymous Issue, AE Semiuncia, 217-215 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of Mercury right, wearing petasus
ROMA
Prow right
16mm x 17mm, 3.14g
Seaby 622; Sydenham 89


Roman Republican, Anonymous Issue, Orichalcum Semiuncia, 215-211 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of Mercury right, wearing petasus, two small pellets above
ROMA
Prow right
19mm x 20mm, 5.94g
Seaby 621

Consignor notes: gVF.


Roman Republican, Anonymous Issue, AE Triens, After 211 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Helmeted head of Minerva right, four pellets above
ROMA
Prow of galley right
Four pellets in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 5.27g
Crawford 56/4; Sydenham 143b and 231b


Roman Republican, Anonymous Issue, AR Victoriatus, After 211 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Laureate head of Jupiter right
(No legend)
Victory on left, standing right, crowning trophy with laurel-wreath, conch shell in right field
ROMA in exergue
16mm x 17mm, 3.44g
Crawford 53/1; Sydenham 83
Ex Subek


Roman Republican, Anonymous Issue, AR Denarius, After 211 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet, X in left field
(No legend)
The Dioscuri galloping right, spears pointed forward
ROMA in relief in box below
18mm, 3.67g
Anonymous 2; Crawford 44/5; Sydenham 168

Note: The X on the obverse indicates 10 asses=1 denarius


Roman Republican, Anonymous Issue, AR Denarius, After 211 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet, X in left field
(No legend)
The Dioscuri galloping right, spears pointed forward
ROMA in relief in box below
18mm x 19mm, 4.11g
Anonymous 2; Crawford 44/5; Sydenham 168


Roman Republican, Anonymous Issue, AR Quinarius, After 211 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet, V in left field
(No legend)
The Dioscuri galloping right, spears pointed forward
ROMA in box below
16mm x 17mm, 2.17g
Anonymous 3; Crawford 44/6; Sydenham 141

Note: The V on the obverse indicates 5 asses=1/2 denarius


Roman Republican, Anonymous Issue, AR Quinarius, After 211 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet, V in left field
(No legend)
The Dioscuri galloping right, spears pointed forward
ROMA in trapezoid below
15mm x 16mm, 2.10g
Anonymous 3; Crawford 44/6; Sydenham 141


Roman Republican, Anonymous Issue, AE As, Sextantal Standard, 211-210 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Laureate head of bearded Janus, I (value mark) above
ROMA
Prow right, I (value mark) above
34mm x 36mm, 41.88g
Crawford 56/2; Seaby 627

Consignor notes: VF. Exceptional condition, rare this nice.


Roman Republican, C. Antestius, AR Denarius, 146 BC, Rome
C . ANTESTI (ANTE ligate)
Head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet, X below chin
(No legend)
The Dioscuri galloping right, dog running right below horses
ROMA in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 4.05g
Antestia 1; Crawford 219/1e; Sydenham 411


Roman Republican, C. Antestius, AR Denarius, 146 BC, Rome
C . ANTESTI (ANTE ligate)
Head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet, X below chin
(No legend)
The Dioscuri galloping right, dog running right below horses
ROMA in exergue
18.5mm, 3.71g, Die axis 8.0
Antestia 1; Crawford 219/1e; Sydenham 411

Notes from consignor: Nice EF. Nice centering with very good metal with toning with a bit of iridescence and luster, very attractive example.


Roman Republican, Anonymous Issue, AR Denarius, 143 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet, X behind
(No legend)
Diana in biga of stags right, torch in right hand, reigns and torch in left, quiver over shoulder, crescent below stags
ROMA in exergue
17mm x 19mm, 3.64g
Crawford 222/1; Sydenham 438


Roman Republican, P. Aelius Paetus, AR Denarius, 138 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet, X behind
P . PAETVS
The Dioscuri galloping right, spear in right hand
ROMA in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 3.68g
Aelia 3; Crawford 233/1; Sydenham 455


Roman Republican, Ti. Veturius, AR Denarius, 137 BC, Rome
TI VET (ligate)
Draped bust of Mars right wearing crested Corinthian helmet, X in left field
ROMA
Two warriors standing facing each other, vertical spear in left hand, sword in right hand pointed at sacrificial pig held by kneeling youth left
19mm, 3.90g
Veturia 1; Crawford 234/1; Sydenham 527

Note: Seaby notes "This gens was one of the most ancient of Rome, it was patrician and plebeian, and is said to have been of Sabine origin. The reverse type represents the mode of taking an oath amongst the inhabitants of the Italian states, and may refer to an ancestor who took an active part in the close of the third Samnite war in 290 BC."


Roman Republican, Ti. Veturius, AR Denarius, 137 BC, Rome
TI VET (ligate)
Draped bust of Mars right wearing crested Corinthian helmet, X in left field
ROMA
Two warriors standing facing each other, vertical spear in left hand, sword in right hand pointed at sacrificial pig held by kneeling youth left
18mm x 20mm, 3.92g
Veturia 1; Crawford 234/1; Sydenham 527


Roman Republican, Sextus Pompeius Fostlus, AR Denarius, 137 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet, X below chin, jug in left field
SEX . PO-F_OSTLVS
She-wolf standing right, suckling twins, tree in background with one bird perching on trunk and two more birds perched in upper branches, Faustulus advancing right at left
ROMA in exergue
20mm, 3.88g
Pompeia 1a; Crawford 235/1c; Sydenham 461a
Ex Kagin's Long Beach Sale, Lot 4474, February 1987

Note: Seaby notes "This family was of plebian origin and it would appear that they claimed descent from Faustulus, the royal shepherd of Amulius, who found the twins suckled by the wolf at the foot of the Palatine, the cradle in which they had been borne down the Tiber having overturned under a fig tree."


Roman Republican, C. Servilius M.f., AR Denarius, 136 BC, Rome
ROMA
Head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet, wreath above * in left field
(No legend)
The Dioscuri riding in opposite directions, heads reverted, reigns in close hand, reversed transverse spear in far hand
C . SERVEILI . M . F in exergue
19mm, 3.86g
Servilia 1; Crawford 239/1; Sydenham 525


Roman Republican, C. Servilius M.f., AR Denarius, 136 BC, Rome
ROMA
Head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet, wreath above * in left field
(No legend)
The Dioscuri riding in opposite directions, heads reverted, reigns in close hand, reversed transverse spear in far hand
C • SERVEILI • M • F in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 3.65g
Servilia 1; Crawford 239/1; Sydenham 525


Roman Republican, M. Aburius M.f. Geminus, AR Denarius, 132 BC, Rome
GEM
Head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet, * below chin
M . ABVRI (partially ligate)
Sol in fast quadriga right
ROMA in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.81g
Aburia 6; Crawford 250/1; Sydenham 487

Note: Seaby notes "M. Aburius Geminus and C. Aburius Geminus are believed to have been twin brothers and sons of M. Aburius, who was tribune of the plebs in 185 BC and received the cognomen Geminus."


Roman Republican, M. Vargunteius, AR Denarius, 130 BC, Rome
M . VARG (ligate)
Winged-helmeted head of Roma right, * below chin
(No legend)
Jupiter in slow quadriga right, branch in right hand, thunderbolt and reigns in left
ROMA in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 3.75g
Vargunteia 1; Crawford 257/1; Sydenham 507


Roman Republican, M. Acilius M.f., AR Denarius, 130 BC, Rome
M . ACILIVS . M . F . (within double border)
Winged-helmeted head of Roma right, * in left field
(No legend)
Hercules in slow quadriga right, club upward in right hand, trophy and reigns in left
ROMA in exergue
17mm x 19mm, 3.90g
Acilia 4; Crawford 255/1

Notes in Seaby: "This refers to the victory of M. Acilius Glabrio over Antiochos III of Syria in 191 BC, after which he made a special sacrifice to Hercules on Mount Oeta."


Roman Republican, M. Caecilius Q.f. Q.n. Metellus, AR Denarius, 127 BC, Rome
ROMA
Winged-helmeted head of Roma right, wearing earring, * under chin and another on helmet
M . METELLVS . Q . F .
Legend surrounding Macedonian shield with elephant head in center, all in laurel wreath
17mm x 18mm, 3.79g
Caecilia 29; Crawford 263/1a; Sydenham 480
Ex Pegasi Numismatics


Roman Republican, Marcus Porcius Laece, AR Denarius, 125 BC, Rome
LAECA
Helmeted head of Roma right, * in right field
M . PORC
Libertas in fast quadriga right, crowned by Victory flying left above
ROMA in exergue
16mm x 17mm, 3.58g
Porcia 3; Cr 270/1; Syd 513
Ex Vel Garnett Collection

Note: Seaby notes "This moneyer was a descendant of P. Porcius Laeca, praetor in 195 BC, who proposed and carried the Lex Porcia de Provocatione. This granted the Roman citizen residing outside the city right of appeal in criminal matters against the magistrates acting in their military capacity and is commemorated by the reverse type."


Roman Republican, C. Porcius Cato, AR Denarius, 123 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Winged-helmeted head of Roma right, X behind
C . CATO
Victory in biga right, holding wreath
ROMA in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 3.90g
Porcia 1; Crawford 274/1; Sydenham 417
Ex Dean Langenfeld Collection

Note: Seaby notes "The first member of this gens to assume the cognomen Cato was M. Porcius Cato Censorius, consul in 195 BC and censor in 184 BC. He was known as Cato the Censor as he filled that office with extraordinary repute. This moneyer may have been one of his grandsons."


Roman Republican, C. Porcius Cato, AR Denarius, 123 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Winged-helmeted head of Roma right, X behind
C . CATO
Victory in biga right, wreath upward in right hand, reigns in left
ROMA in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.82g
Porcia 1; Crawford 274/1; Sydenham 417


Roman Republican, M. Papirius Carbo, AR Denarius, 122 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Winged-helmeted head of Roma right, X behind
CARB
Jupiter in quadriga right, hurling thunderbolt with right hand, large transverse scepter and reigns in left
ROMA in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.51g
Papiria 7; Crawford 279/1; Sydenham 415
Ex Keith Emmett Collection; Ex M & R, February 1993


Roman Republican, C. (Poblicius) Malleolus Cf, AR Denarius Serratus, 118 BC, Narbo mint
C . MA_L_LE-C . F
Winged-Attic helmeted head of Roma right, X behind
(No legend)
Nude Gallic warrior (Bituitus?) in biga right, holding shield, carnyx and reins in left hand, hurling spear with right
L LIC CN DOM in exergue
17.9mm, 3.73g, Die axis 2.5
Poblicia 1; Crawford 282/3; Sydenham 524

Notes from consignor: Excellent metal and centering, very nice luster in protected areas with iridescent toning, excellent well struck example of this issue.


Roman Republican, Anonymous Issue, AR Denarius, 115/114 BC, Rome
ROMA
Head of Roma right, wearing winged and crested Corinthian helmet, X behind, legend below
(No legend)
Roma seated right on pile of shields, wearing Corinthian helmet, transverse spear in left hand, bird flying right and left on either side, helmet below, she-wolf suckling the twins before
19mm x 20mm, 3.78g
Crawford 287/1; Sydenham 530; Kestner 2478; BMCRR Italy 562; RSC 176
Ex Keith Emmett Collection; Ex Wayne Phillips, April 1997


Roman Republican, Anonymous Issue, AR Denarius, 115/114 BC, Rome
ROMA
Head of Roma right, wearing winged and crested Corinthian helmet, X behind, legend below
(No legend)
Roma seated right on pile of shields, wearing Corinthian helmet, transverse spear in left hand, bird flying right and left on either side, helmet below, she-wolf suckling the twins before
19mm x 21mm, 3.90g
Crawford 287/1; Sydenham 530; Kestner 2478; BMCRR Italy 562; RSC 176


Roman Republican, M. Cipius M.f., AR Denarius, 115-114 BC, Rome
M . CIPI . M . F
Winged-helmeted head of Roma right, X behind
(No legend)
Victory in biga right, holding long palm, rudder below horses
ROMA in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 3.88g
Cipia 1; Crawford 289/1; Sydenham 546


Roman Republican, Man. Aemilius Lepidus, AR Denarius, 114-113 BC, Rome
ROMA (MA ligate)
Laureate, diademed, slightly draped bust of Roma right, * behind
MN (ligate) . AE_M_ILIO .
Equestrian statue on triumphal arch
L_E_P between arches
19mm x 20mm, 3.89g
Aemilia 7; Cr 291/1; Syd 554


Roman Republican, T. Didius, AR Denarius, 113-112 BC, Rome
ROMA (ligatured)
Winged helmeted head of Roma right, * below
T • DEIDI
Two soldiers fighting, left soldier attacking with whip, the other defending with sword
19mm x 20mm, 3.78g
Didia 2; Crawford 294/1; Sydenham 550

Note: Recently, Marvin Tameanko has persuasively argued that this coin depicts a "bloodless 'warm up' act of mock fighters called 'paegniarii'," rather than an actual battle or gladiatorial combat.


Roman Republican, Cn. Blasio, AR Denarius, 112-111 BC, Rome
CN BLASIO CN F
Head of Mars (some identify Mars as Scipio Africanus the Elder) right, wearing Corinthian helmet; * above (mark of value), bucranium behind
(No legend)
Jupiter standing facing between Juno and Minerva and holding sceptre and thunderbolt; Juno holds sceptre and Minerva holds sceptre and crowns Jupiter, O with center pellet in field
ROMA in exergue
18.3mm, 3.81g; Die axis 10.0
Cornelia 19; Crawford 296/1c; Sydenham 561a (scarce)

Notes from consignor: Excellent metal with slight luster, very good centering for this issue.


Roman Republican, Cn. Blasio, AR Denarius, 112-111 BC, Rome
CN BLASIO CN F
Head of Mars (some identify Mars as Scipio Africanus the Elder) right, wearing Corinthian helmet; * above (mark of value), prow-stem behind
(No legend)
Jupiter standing facing between Juno and Minerva and holding sceptre and thunderbolt; Juno holds sceptre and Minerva holds sceptre and crowns Jupiter, P in field
ROMA in exergue
17.8mm, 3.87g; Die axis 7.5
Cornelia 19; Crawford 296/1d; Sydenham 561b (scarce)

Notes from consignor: Excellent metal with slight iridescent golden toning and slight luster, excellent centering for this issue.


Roman Republican, Appius Claudius Pulcher, Titus Mallius (or Maloleius) and Q. Urbinius, AR Denarius, 111/110 BC, Rome
(No Legend)
Winged-helmeted head of Roma right, ring with jewel (?) behind
(No legend)
Victory in triga right
AP . CL . T . MAL (ligate) . Q VR (ligate) in exergue
16mm x 17mm, 3.81g
Claudius 2; Crawford 299; Sydenham 570
Ex Keith Emmett Collection; Ex M. Quarles, November 1984


Roman Republican, C. Claudius Pulcher, AR Denarius, 110-109 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Winged-helmeted head of Roma right
(No legend)
Victory in biga right, reigns in both hands
C . PVLCHER in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.74g
Claudia 1; Crawford 300/1; Sydenham 569

Note: Seaby notes "The reverse relates to an ancestor's victory over the Istrians and Ligurians in 177 BC."


Roman Republican, P. Laeca, AR Denarius, 110-109 BC, Rome
P . LAECA (AE ligate) | ROMA
Winged-helmeted head of Roma right, X below chin
(No legend)
Soldier in military dress left, gesturing with right hand to togate citizen on left, attendant (lector) with one rod in right hand and two rods in left hand on right
PROVOCO in exergue
17.9mm, 3.91g, Die axis 7.0
Porcia 4; Crawford 301/1; Sydenham 571

Notes from consignor: Good metal and centering, slight luster in protected areas, excellent well struck example of this issue.


Roman Republican, L. Memmius, AR Denarius, 109-108 BC, Rome
Young male head (Apollo?) right, wearing oak-wreath, star before
Dioscuri standing facing, between their horses, each holding spear
L MEMMI in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 3.86g
Memmia 1; Cr 304/1; Syd 558


Roman Republican, L. Memmius, AR Denarius, 109-108 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Young male head (Apollo?) right, wearing oak-wreath, star before
L . MEMMI
Dioscuri standing facing, between their horses, each holding spear
19mm x 20mm, 3.89g
Memmia 1; Crawford 304/1; Sydenham 558
Ex Harlan Berk


Roman Republican, Q. Lutatius Cerco, AR Denarius, 109-108 BC, Rome
ROMA / CERCO
Helmeted head of young Mars right, * behind
Q • LVTATI / Q (VT ligate)
Galley sailing right, legend above, all within oak wreath
17mm x 19mm, 3.92g
Lutatia 2; Crawford 305/1; Sydenham 559

Consignor notes: VF. Choice old toning, tremendous eye appeal.


Roman Republican, L. Valerius Flaccus, AR Denarius, 108-107 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Draped bust of Victory right, X below chin
L . VALERI / FLACCI
Mars walking left, carrying trophy and flamen's cap before, corn stalk behind
19.3mm, 3.77g, Die axis 5.0
Valeria 11; Crawford 306/1; Sydenham 565

Notes from consignor: Good metal with slight iridescent golden toning and slight luster, some scuffs on obverse before nose and on cheek and neck. Attractive with good centering.


Roman Republican, Mn. Fonteius, AR Denarius Brockage, 108-107 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Laureate, conjoined heads of the Dioscuri, star above each head, star in right field
(No legend)
Incuse of obverse
19mm x 20mm, 3.88g
Fonteia 7


Roman Republican, M. Herennius, AR Denarius, 108-107 BC, Rome
PIETAS (TA ligate)
Diademed head of Pietas right, O in right field
M • HERENNI (HE ligate)
Amphinomus running right, carrying his father on his shoulder
18mm x 19mm, 3.82g
Herennia 1; Crawford 308/1a; Sydenham 567

Notes: The reverse refers to the story of two brothers - Amphinomus and Anapias of Catana - who at the eruption of Mount Etna, saved the lives of their parents by carrying them to safety on their shoulders.


Roman Republican, P. Licinius Nerva, AR Denarius, 106 BC, Rome
Helmeted bust of Roma left, spear in right hand over shoulder, shield with horse design in left, small crescent above, * in front, ROMA behind
Three citizens voting, P. Nerva above, border of dots
18mm x 19mm, 3.91g
Licinia 7; Sydenham 548


Roman Republican, L. Thorius Balbus, AR Denarius, 105 BC, Rome
I . S . M . R downward behind
Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin, border of dots
L . THORIVS above exergue
Bull charging right, P in upper left field, border of dots
BALBVS in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.87g
Thoria 1; Cr. 316/1; BMC 1615-41; Syd. 598


Roman Republican, Lucius Aurelius Cotta, AR Serrate Denarius, 105 BC, Rome
Draped bust of Vulcan right, wearing a laureate pileus, tongs and star behind, all within myrtle wreath
Eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head left, V before, all within a laurel wreath
L . COT in exergue
20mm, 3.79g
Aurelia 21 var. b; Crawford 314; Sydenham 577a


Roman Republican, Q. Thermus M.f., AR Denarius, 103 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Helmeted head of Mars left
(No legend)
Two warriors fighting with swords and shields, warrior on left protects fallen comrade, warrior on right wears horned helmet
Q . THERM (ligate) . M F (ligate) in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 3.99g
Minucia 19; Crawford 319/1; Sydenham 592

Seaby notes: This records the brave deeds of the moneyer's ancestor and namesake, who was consul in 193 BC. He was engaged in a severe contest with the Ligurians and is said to have distinguished himself by his bravery.


Roman Republican, Q. Thermus M.f., AR Denarius, 103 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Helmeted head of Mars left
(No legend)
Two warriors fighting with swords and shields, warrior on left protects fallen comrade, warrior on right wears horned helmet
Q • THERM (ligate) • M F (ligate) in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.91g
Minucia 19; Crawford 319/1; Sydenham 592


Roman Republican, Q. Thermus M.f., AR Denarius, 103 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Helmeted head of Mars left
(No legend)
Two warriors fighting with swords and shields, warrior on left protects fallen comrade, warrior on right wears horned helmet
Q • THERM (ligate) • M F (ligate) in exergue
19mm x 21mm, 3.95g
Minucia 19; Crawford 319/1; Sydenham 592

Consignor notes: aEF/VF. Well-centered and struck. Sharp detail. Golden toning.


Roman Republican, M. Lucilius Rufus, AR Denarius, 101 BC, Rome
P V
Helmeted head of Roma right within laurel wreath
RVF / M • LVCILI
Victory in biga right, whip in right hand, reigns in left
19mm x 20mm, 4.00g
Lucilia 1; Crawford 324/1; Sydenham 599


Roman Republican, P. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus, AR Denarius, 100 BC, Rome
ROMA
Bust of young Hercules right, turned from spectator, wearing lion's skin, club over left shoulder, shield and B behind
Roma standing facing, crowned by the Genius of the Roman People standing left, all in laurel wreath
B in middle field
LENT . MAR . F in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.84g
Cornelia 25; Sydenham 604


Roman Republican, P. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus, AR Denarius, 100 BC, Rome
ROMA
Bust of young Hercules right, turned from spectator, wearing lion's skin, club over left shoulder, shield behind, . / E in right field
LENT (NT ligate) . MAR (ligate) . F
Roma standing facing, crowned by the Genius of the Roman People standing facing, head left, all in laurel wreath
. / E in left field
17mm x 19mm, 2.74g
Cornelia 25a; Crawford 329/1b, Sydenham 604a


Roman Republican, P. Servilius M.f. Rullus, AR Denarius, c.100 BC, Rome
RVLLI
Bust of Minerva left wearing Corinthian helmet and aegis
(No legend)
Victory in biga right, holding reigns and vertical palm
P in right field
P . SERVILI . M . F in exergue
18mm x 22mm, 3.88g
Servilia 14; Crawford 328/1; Sydenham 601

Seaby notes: P (Publice) in the field shows that these coins were struck from silver withdrawn from the public treasury, thus this issue a special one.


Roman Republican, P. Servilius M.f. Rullus, AR Denarius, c.100 BC, Rome
RVLLI
Bust of Minerva left wearing Corinthian helmet and aegis, banker's mark in left field, countermark IMP VES (ligate) for Vespasian below
(No legend)
Victory in biga right
P in right field
P . SERVILI . M . F in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 3.43g
Servilia 14; Crawford 328/1; Sydenham 601 for coin - Martini 100 for countermark


Roman Republican, L. Pomponius Molo, AR Denarius, 97 BC, Rome
L . POMPON . MOLO
Laureate head of Apollo right
(No legend)
Numa Pompilius standing right, holding lituus over lit altar, about to sacrifice goat held by victimarius
NVMA . POMPIL (VMA and MP ligate) in exergue
17.8mm, 3.47g, Die axis 1.5
Pomponia 6; Crawford 334/1; Sydenham 607

Notes from consignor: EF. Attractive example with good centering.


Roman Republican, A. Albinus Sp.f, AR Denarius, 96 BC, Rome
ROMA
Laureate head of Apollo right, star with six rays behind, X below chin
(No legend)
The Dioscuri standing left beside their horses drinking from a fountain at left, crescent in left field
A . ALBINVS . S . F . (AL ligate) in exergue
18mm, 3.78g, Die axis 3.0
Postumia 5; Crawford 335/10a; Sydenham 612 (scarce)

Notes from consignor: Excellent centering for this scarce issue, slightly porous, but good solid metal otherwise.

This issue is said to relate to the battle of Lake Regillius; the Roman army was commanded by A. Postumius Albus. Legend says that the Dioscuri were said to have assisted the Romans in obtaining victory; the reverse of shows the Dioscuri watering their horses at the fountain of Futurna in the Roman Forum, where they were supposed to have arrived on the eve of the battle.


Roman Republican, A. Postumius Albinus with L. Metellus and C. Malleolus, AR Denarius, 96 BC, Rome
A . ALB . S . F-L . METEL
Laureate head of Apollo right, star with six rays behind, star below truncation
C . MALL (AL ligate)
Roma seated left on pile of shields, sword in left hand, spear in right, crowned from behind by Victory
ROMA in exergue
17.3mm, 3.70g, Die axis 7.5
Caecilia 45, Postumia 2, Poblicia 2; Crawford 335/1b; Sydenham 611a

Notes from consignor: EF. Attractive example with excellent centering, iridescent toning in protected areas.


Roman Republican, C. Publicius Malleolus, AR Denarius, c.96 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Helmeted head of Mars right, axe above, * before
C MAL (AL ligate)
Soldier, nude but for cloak behind, standing left, left hand on hip, transverse spear in right, right foot on cuirass, trophy to left, caduceus over prow to right
17mm x 18mm, 3.94g
Poblicia 6; Crawford 335/3c; Sydenham 615a


Roman Republican, C. Allius Bala, AR Denarius, 92 BC, Rome
BALA
Diademed head of female (Diana?) right wearing necklace, F below, border of dots
(No legend)
Diana in biga of stags right, torch in right hand, reigns and arrow in left, quiver over shoulder, grasshopper below stags, all in laurel wreath
C ALLI in exergue
17mm, 3.81g
Aelia 4; Crawford 336/1b; Sydenham 595


Roman Republican, D. Silanus L. f., AR Denarius, 91 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of Roma right wearing winged helmet, G in left field
(No legend)
Victory in biga right, reigns in both hands, V in upper field
D . SILANVS L . F / ROMA in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.95g
Junia 15; Crawford 337; Sydenham 646


Roman Republican, D. Junius Silanus L. f., AR Denarius, c.91 BC, Rome
SALVS
Diademed head of Salus right, P in right field, all within torq
(No legend)
Victory in biga right, reigns and palm in left hand, whip in right, grasshopper in right field
D • SILANVS • L • F in exergue
19mm, 4.00g
Junia 17; Crawford 337/2e; Sydenham 645c
Ex Harlan J Berk


Roman Republican, D. Junius Silanus L. f., AR Denarius, 91 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Bearded mask of Silenus right, plough below, all within torq
(No legend)
Victory in biga right, reigns and palm in left hand, whip in right, carnyx in right field
D • SILANVS • L • F in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.89g
Junia 19; Crawford 337/1a; Sydenham 644a


Roman Republican, Q. Titius, AR Denarius, 90 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of young Bacchus or Liber right, wearing ivy wreath
(No legend)
Pegasus springing right
Q . TITI in exergue
17.7mm, 3.86g; Die axis 6.0
Titia 2; Crawford 341/2; Sydenham 692

Notes from consignor: Nice EF. Excellent metal with iridescence around devices and some luster, very attractive example. Nice centering for this issue.


Roman Republican, C. Vibius C. f. Pansa, AR Denarius, c.90 BC, Rome
PANSA
Laureate head of Apollo right, uncertain control mark below chin
(No legend)
Minerva, holding spear, in fast quadriga right
C . VIBIVS . C . F in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.88g
Vibia 1b; Crawford 342/5b; Sydenham 684b


Roman Republican, C. Vibius C. f. Pansa, AR Denarius, c.90 BC, Rome
PANSA
Large, laureate head of Apollo right in low relief, locks of hair heavy and scattered, III below chin
(No legend)
Minerva in quadriga right
C . VIBIVS . C . F in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.79g
Vibia 2c; Sydenham 684a
Ex Vel Garnett Collection


Roman Republican, C. Vibius C. f. Pansa, AR Denarius, c.90 BC, Rome
PANSA
Large, laureate head of Apollo right in low relief, locks of hair heavy and scattered, grain below chin
C . VIBIVS . C . F .
Minerva, holding spear, in fast quadriga right
18mm x 19mm, 4.02g
Vibia 2c; Sydenham 684a; Crawford 342/5b
Ex Sotheby's, Auction 6147, Lot 651, June 1991; Ex Nelson Bunker Hunt Collection


Roman Republican, C. Vibius C. f. Pansa, AR Denarius, c.90 BC, Rome
PANSA
Large, laureate head of Apollo right in low relief, locks of hair heavy and scattered, staff of Aesclepius below chin
C • VIBIVS • C • F •
Minerva, holding spear, in fast quadriga right
18mm x 20mm, 3.81g
Vibia 2c; Sydenham 684a; Crawford 342/5b

Image courtesy Michael Kelly Collection


Roman Republican, L. Calpurnius Piso L.f. L.n. Frugi, AR Denarius, 90 BC, Rome
Laureate head of Apollo right
CXXXXV stirrup behind
L . PISO . FRVGI
Horseman galloping right, holding palm branch
CVI above
ROMA monogram in exergue below exergual line
?mm, 3.97g
Calpurnia 12

Notes from Mr. Kelly: "Some years ago I spotted a common Lucius Calpurnius Piso with a reverse that looked different to the usual run of the mill. I bought it and it's from the same dies as a coin illustrated in a book I have "Mints, Dies & Currency - Essays in Memory of Albert Baldwin" edited by R.A.G.Carlson 1971. In the article by Charles A. Hersh, it says this reverse die is the only one in this vast issue of Lucius Piso which has an exergual line below the moneyer's name and thus has the Roma monogram in an exergue. The illustrated piece is of normal style and is not plated, a most interesting and extremely rare variety."


Image courtesy Michael Kelly Collection


Roman Republican, L. Calpurnius Piso L.f. L.n. Frugi, AR Denarius, 90 BC, Rome
Laureate head of Apollo right
CXXXXV stirrup behind
L . PISO . FRVGI
Horseman galloping right, holding palm branch
CVI above
ROMA monogram in exergue below exergual line
?mm, 3.60g
Calpurnia 12

Notes from Mr. Kelly: "Another from the same dies. It has the appearance of a single find & was found in Italy."



Roman Republican, M. Porcius Cato, AR Denarius, 89 BC, Rome
Draped and diademed bust of Roma right, ROMA behind, M . CATO below
Victory seated right, palm in left hand, patera in right
ST under seat
VICTRIX in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.94g
Porcia 6; Cr 343/1c; Syd 596a


Roman Republican, M. Porcius Cato, AR Quinarius, 89 BC, Rome
M . CATO (AT ligate)
Head of Liber right, wearing ivy wreath, thunderbolt below
(No legend)
Victory seated right, palm in left hand over shoulder, patera in right
VICTRIX (TR ligate) in exergue
14mm x 16mm, 2.15g
Porcia 7; Crawford 343/2b


Roman Republican, L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus, AR Denarius, 89 BC, Rome
SABIN | A • P V
Bare head of Tatius right, King of the Sabines, palm in right field, banker's mark above
(No legend)
Two Roman soldiers each carrying a woman in his arms
L • TITVRI in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.93g
Tituria 3; Crawford 344/1c; Sydenham 698b


Roman Republican, L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus, AR Denarius, 89 BC, Rome
SABIN
Bare head of Tatius right, King of the Sabines, pellet and palm in right field
(No legend)
Tarpeia, facing, buried waist deep in shields, hands raised to block two soldiers about to throw their shields on her
Crescent and star above
L . TITVRI in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 4.01g
Tituria 4; Sydenham 699

Tarpeia, a virgin of the period of Romulus's war with Tatius and the Sabines, was supposed to have sacrificed her country for her love of gold. She opened the gate, the price of her treason being the gold bracelets the Sabines wore around their arms. However, the enemy soldiers were so disgusted by her treason, they buried her in a pile of shields they threw at her instead of giving up their bracelets.


Roman Republican, L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus, AR Denarius, 89 BC, Rome
SABIN
Bare head of Tatius right, King of the Sabines, palm in right field, banker's mark above
(No legend)
Tarpeia, facing, buried waist deep in shields, hands raised to block two soldiers about to throw their shields on her
Crescent above
L . TITVRI in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.87g
Tituria 4; Sydenham 699


Roman Republican, L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus, AR Denarius, 89 BC, Rome
SABIN
Bare head of Tatius right, King of the Sabines, palm in right field
(No legend)
Tarpeia, facing, buried waist deep in shields, hands raised to block two soldiers about to throw their shields on her
Crescent above
L • TITVRI in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.86g
Tituria 4; Sydenham 699


Roman Republican, Cn. Lentulus Clodianus, AR Denarius, 88 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Bust of Mars right, seen from behind
(No legend)
Victory in biga right
CN . LENTVL in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 4.14g
Cornelia 50; Crawford 345/1; Sydenham 702


Roman Republican, L. Rubrius Dossenus, AE As, 87 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Laureate head of Janus, garlanded altar with snake coiled round top set in center
L RVBRI / DOSSEN
Prow right, mark of value before
25mm x 28mm, 10.63g
Babelon Rubria 5; Crawford 348/5; Sydenham 709


Roman Republican, Anonymous Issue, AR Denarius, c.86 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of Apollo right, wreathed with oak, thunderbolt under neck truncation
(No legend)
Jupiter in quadriga right, hurling thunderbolt
18mm x 20mm, 3.94g
Anonymous 226; Crawford 350A2; Sydenham 723


Roman Republican, Mn. Fonteius C. f., AR Denarius, 85 BC, Rome
M . FONTEI behind, C . F . before
Laureate head of Vejovis right, thunderbolt below
(No legend)
Infant winged Genius on goat right, Dioscuri caps above, thrysus in exergue, all within laurel wreath
20mm x 21mm, 3.85g
Fonteia 10; Crawford 353/1a; Sydenham 724a
Ex Vel Garnett Collection

Notes in Seaby: "In the temple of Vejovis in Rome there stood near his statue a goat bearing a winged Genius on its back, a representation of which recalls the infancy of Jupiter who was suckled by the goat Amaltheia on Mount Ida."


Roman Republican, Mn. Fonteius C. f., AR Denarius, 85 BC, Rome
M . FONTEI C . F . behind, ROMA monogram before
Laureate head of Vejovis right, thunderbolt below
(No legend)
Infant winged Genius on goat right, Dioscuri caps above, thrysus and large pellet in exergue, all within laurel wreath
20mm x 21mm, 3.62g
Fonteia 10; Crawford 353/1a; Sydenham 724a
Ex Keith Emmett Collection; Ex Wayne Phillips, August 1994


Roman Republican, Mn. Fonteius C. f., AR Denarius, 85 BC, Rome
MN (ligate) • FONTEI C • F •, ROMA monogram before
Laureate head of Vejovis right, thunderbolt below
(No legend)
Infant winged Genius on goat right, Dioscuri caps above, thrysus and large pellet in exergue, all within laurel wreath
18mm x 20mm, 3.92g
Fonteia 10; Crawford 353/1a; Sydenham 724a


Roman Republican, Mn. Fonteius C. f., AR Denarius, 85 BC, Rome
M . FONTEI behind, C . F . before
Laureate head of Vejovis right, thunderbolt below
(No legend)
Infant winged Genius on goat right, Dioscuri caps in left and right fields, thyrsus in exergue, all within laurel wreath
17mm x 18mm, 4.05g
Fonteia 11; Crawford 353; Sydenham 724b


Roman Republican, Mn. Fonteius C. f., AR Denarius, 85 BC, Rome
M . FONTEI behind, C . F . before
Laureate head of Vejovis right, thunderbolt below
(No legend)
Infant winged Genius on goat right, Dioscuri caps in left and right fields, thyrsus in exergue, all within laurel wreath
18mm x 19mm, 3.60g
Fonteia 11; Crawford 353; Sydenham 724b


Roman Republican, L. Julius Bursio, AR Denarius, 85 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Laureate, draped and winged bust of Genius (or Apollo Vejovis) right (attributes of Apollo, Mercury and Neptune) trident and flower in left field
(No legend)
Victory in fast quadriga right, reins in left hand, wreath upward in right, HV above
L . IVLI . BVRSIO in exergue
21mm x 22mm, 3.78g
Julia 5b; Crawford 352/1c; Sydenham 728c


Roman Republican, L. Julius Bursio, AR Denarius, 85 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Laureate, draped and winged bust of Genius (or Apollo Vejovis) right (attributes of Apollo, Mercury and Neptune) trident and bucranium in left field
(No legend)
Victory in fast quadriga right, reins in left hand, wreath upward in right, DV below
L . IVLI . BVRSIO in exergue
20.8mm, 3.94g, Die axis 5.0
Julia 5b; Crawford 352/1c; Sydenham 728d

Notes from consignor: EF. Large flan with excellent centering, strike a bit soft on reverse at 1:30, nice example.


Roman Republican, L. Julius Bursio, AR Denarius, 85 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Laureate, draped and winged bust of Genius (or Apollo Vejovis) right (attributes of Apollo, Mercury and Neptune) trident and spear in left field
(No legend)
Victory in fast quadriga right, reins in left hand, wreath upward in right, QO below
L • IVLI • BVRSIO in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.73g
Julia 5b; Crawford 352/1c; Sydenham 728


Roman Republican, P. Furius Crassipes, AR Denarius, 84 BC, Rome
Turreted head of Tyche right, foot behind neck, AED . CV_R behind head
Curule chair inscribed P FOVRIVS
CRASSIPES in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 3.86g
Furia 19; Cr 356/1c; Syd 735b


Roman Republican, L. Cornelius Sulla, AR Denarius, 84-83 BC, Military mint traveling with Sulla
L • SVLLA
Diademed head of Venus right, Cupid standing left before, long palm in right hand
IMPER / ITERVM
Capis and lituus between two trophies
18mm, 3.75g
Cornelia 29; Crawford 359/2; Sydenham 761

Historical notes from CNG: This coin is from the first issue of Sulla, struck in his army camp while marching against the allies of his nemesis, Marius, in Rome. He is the first of the great imperators of Rome to issue his own personal coinage without the authority of the Senate, the majority of whose members were allied to the Republican-minded Marius.

The iconography of this issue is telling of the self-promotion of Sulla, as the types and legends only refer to himself rather than some ancestor as was typical of the Republican coinage up to that time. Venus appears as she is the patron of Sulla, whom he regards as responsible for his successes for which he received his two acclamations of imperator by his troops. These two acclamations are commemorated by the reverse; the legend and the two trophies are overt references. The jug and lituus, though, are more subtle, but also probably symbolic of his claim to imperium rather than a reference to his holding a position in one of the priestly collages in Rome. This issue, which transformed Roman coinage into a form of propaganda for the issuer (rather than his family), set a precedent which was followed by all the later imperators, and directly led to the development of the imperial coinage.


Consignor notes: Fine. Large X graffiti across obverse.


Roman Republican, C. Norbanus, AR Denarius, 83 BC, Rome
C . NORBANVS LXXXXIII
Diademed head of Venus right
(No legend)
Grain ear, fasces, caduceus
18mm x 19mm, 3.95g
Norbana 2; Crawford 357/1b; Sydenham 739

Notes by Seaby: "The reverse type is probably an allusion to the moneyer's father and the part he played in Sicily during the Social War, when he raised troops, organized a fleet, and provisioned the town of Rhegium. It must have been a very large issue as the numbers on type 2 run from I to over CCXX."


Roman Republican, Q. Antonius Balbus, AR Denarius Serratus, 83-82 BC, Rome
S . C
Laureate head of Jupiter right
Q . ANTO (ligate) . BALB (ligate) / PR
Victory in fast quadriga right, wreath upward in right hand, reigns and long palm forward in left
E under horses
17mm x 19mm, 3.88g
Antonia 1; Crawford 364; Sydenham 742b

Notes by Seaby: "This moneyer was a member of the Marian party and was appointed praetor in Sardinia in 82 BC, from whence he was driven by L. Philippus, the legate of Sulla, and slain."


Roman Republican, L. Manlius Torquatus, AR Denarius, 82 BC, Rome
PRO • Q | L • MANLI
Winged, helmeted head of Roma right
L • SVLLA • IM
Sulla in slow quadriga right, crowned by Victory flying left above
17mm x 19mm, 3.85g
Manlia 4; Crawford 367/5; Sydenham 757

Notes by Seaby: Lucius Manlius was proquaestor to Sulla during the Mithradatic War and this type represents a triumph granted to the great imperator.


Roman Republican, L. Censorinus, AR Denarius, 82 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Laureate head of Apollo right
L . CENSOR
Marsyas the Satyr standing left, wineskin over left shoulder, statue on column behind
16mm x 18mm, 3.89g
Marcia 24; Crawford 363/1d; Sydenham 737


Roman Republican, C. Valerius Flaccus, AR Denarius, 82 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Winged bust of Victory; crescent in front
C · VAL (ligate) · FLA | IMPERAT / EX · | S · C
Legionary aquila flanked by standards marked H P
17mm x 18mm, 3.64g
Valeria 12a; Crawford 365/1c; Sydenham 747
Ex Baldwin's


Roman Republican, Q. Fabius Maximus (Restored Issue), AR Denarius, 82-80 BC, Rome
ROMA-Q. MAX (MA ligate)
Laureate head of Apollo right, kithara in right field, X with bar (mark of value) below
(No legend)
Cornucopiae upon thunderbolt within wreath of fruits and corn ears
17mm x 18mm, 3.90g
Fabia 6; Crawford 371/1; Sydenham 718


Roman Republican, C. Annius Luscus and L. Fabius Hispaniensis, AR Denarius, 82-81 BC, Northern Italy
C . ANNI . T . F . T . N . PRO . COS . EX . S . C .
Diademed, draped bust of female right, winged caduceus behind, scales in front, curved dagger (sica) below
(No legend)
Victory in quadriga right, palm in right hand, reins in left, Q in field
L . FABI . L . F . HISP in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.86g
Annia 2a; Cr 366/1a; Syd 748


Roman Republican, A. Postumius A.f. Sp.n. Albinus, AR Denarius Serratus, 81 BC, Rome
HISPAN
Veiled bust of Hispania right with disheveled hair
A | ALBIN (AL ligate) | S . N
Togate figure standing left, right hand raised, Roman eagle to left, fasces to right
POST . A . F in exergue
19mm x 21mm, 3.98g
Postumia 8; Crawford 372/2; Sydenham 746

Notes from Seaby: "This may relate to the praetorship of L. Postumius Albinus over Spain and his successful expedition against the Vaccaei and Lusitani, and the levying of troops for this campaign."


Roman Republican, A. Postumius A.f. Sp.n. Albinus, AR Denarius Serratus, 81 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder, bucranium above
A • POST- • A • F-S • N • ALBIN (AL ligate)
Rock surmounted by lit altar, bull to left standing right, togate figure to right standing left and holding aspergillum in right hand over bull
18mm x 20mm, 3.83g
Postumia 7; Crawford 372/1; Sydenham 745
Ex Harlan J Berk


Roman Republican, C. Marius C.f. Capito, AR Denarius Serratus, 81 BC, Rome
CAPIT . CXXII
Bust of Ceres right, head bound with grain-wreath, torch before
CXXII
Husbandman plowing with yoke of two oxen left
C . MARI . C . F . / S . C in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.80g
Maria 9; Crawford 378/1c; Sydenham 744b


Roman Republican, C. Marius C.f. Capito, AR Denarius Serratus, 81 BC, Rome
CAPIT . CXXXI
Bust of Ceres right, head bound with grain-wreath, rabbit right before
CXXXI
Husbandman plowing with yoke of two oxen left
C . MARI . C . F . / S . C in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.77g
Maria 9; Crawford 378/1c; Sydenham 744b


Roman Republican, L. Procilius, AR Denarius, 80 BC, Rome
S C
Laureate head of Jupiter right
L . PROCILI / F
Juno Sospita advancing right, shield in left hand, hurling spear with right, serpent before
17mm x 19mm, 3.61g
Procilia 1; Crawford 379/1; Sydenham 771


Roman Republican, C. Poblicius Q.f., AR Denarius Serratus, 80 BC, Rome
ROMA
Bust of Roma right, wearing Italo-Corinthian helmet decorated with griffin head and two side plumes, H (control letter) above
C • POBLICI • Q • F •
Hercules, nude, standing left, strangling Nemean Lion, club below, bowcase with bow and arrows in left field, H above lion
18mm x 19mm, 4.24g
Poblicia 9; Crawford 380/1; Sydenham 768
Ex Subak


Roman Republican, C. Poblicius Q.f., AR Denarius Serratus, 80 BC, Rome
ROMA
Bust of Roma right, wearing Italo-Corinthian helmet decorated with griffin head and two side plumes, L (control letter) above
C . POBLICI . Q . F .
Hercules, nude, standing left, strangling Nemean Lion, club below, bowcase with bow and arrows in left field, P above lion
18mm x 19mm, 4.10g
Poblicia 9; Crawford 380/1; Sydenham 768
Ex Dean Langenfeld Collection


Roman Republican, C. Poblicius Q.f., AR Denarius Serratus, 80 BC, Rome
ROMA
Bust of Roma right, wearing Italo-Corinthian helmet decorated with griffin head and two side plumes, M (control letter) above
C . POBLICI . Q . F .
Hercules, nude, standing left, strangling Nemean Lion, club below, bowcase with bow and arrows in left field
18.2mm, 3.78g, Die axis 4.0
Poblicia 9; Crawford 380/1; Sydenham 768

Notes from consignor: VF. Excellent metal and centering, very nice luster in protected areas with iridescent toning, excellent well struck example of this issue.


Roman Republican, L. Papius, AR Denarius Serratus, 79 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin headdress, spear head with two dots behind, , border of beads and dots
(No legend)
Griffin prancing right, deformed human foot below, L. PAPI in exergue, border of beads and dots
Papia 1; Crawford 384/1, Type 93; Sydenham 773

Note: The worship of Juno Sospita was introduced into Rome from Lanuvium, the birthplace of the Papia gens. She was the protecting genius of women, accompanying them through life from birth to death. The symbols on the obverse and reverse are related and there are at least 235 pairs. They are usually well executed and cover the whole range of Roman life and industry, etc. and are mostly symbolic of the various trade-guilds.

Click here for James Bonanno's site on this issue, where he is documenting all of the pairs of obverse and reverse symbols.


Roman Republican, L. Papius, AR Denarius Serratus, 79 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat skin headdress, spur in left field, border of beads and dots
(No legend)
Griffin prancing right, horse's muzzle below, border of beads and dots
L. PAPI in exergue
17.6mm, 3.82g, Die axis 11.0
Papia 1; Crawford 384/1, Type 95; Sydenham 773

Notes from consignor: VF. Nice metal with good centering.


Roman Republican, M. Volteius M.f., AR Denarius, 78 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of young Hercules right, wearing lion skin headdress
(No legend)
Erymanthian Boar charging right
M . VOLTEI . M . F in exergue
16.6mm, 3.66g, Die axis 1.0
Volteia 2; Crawford 385/2; Sydenham 775

Notes from consignor: EF. Attractive example with good centering, light toning, some surface flaws at sides of reverse exergue. Nice boar.

In Greek mythology, the Erymanthian Boar is remembered in connection with The Twelve Labours, in which Heracles, the enemy of Hera, visited in turn "all the other sites of the Goddess throughout the world, to conquer every conceivable 'monster' of nature and rededicate the primordial world to its new master, his Olympian father," Zeus. Capture of the Erymanthian Boar was the Fourth Labor of Heracles. In the primitive highlands of Arcadia, where old practices lingered, the Erymanthian Boar was a giant fear-inspiring creature of the wilds that lived on Mount Erymanthos.


Roman Republican, M. Volteius M.f., AR Denarius, 78 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of young Hercules right, wearing lion skin headdress
(No legend)
Erymanthian Boar charging right
M • VOLTEI • M • F in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 3.86g
Volteia 2; Crawford 385/2; Sydenham 775


Roman Republican, P. Satrienus, AR Denarius, 77 BC, Rome
LXXXXVIIII
Head of young Mars right
ROMA
She-wolf walking left
SATRIE / NVS in exergue
16mm x 18mm, 3.87g
Satriena 1; Crawford 388/1b. Sydenham 781a
Ex Pegasi Numismatics

Notes from Seaby: "This type refers to the foundation of Rome. Mars was the father of Romulus and Remus."


Roman Republican, C. Egnatius Cn F Cn N Maxsumus, AR Denarius, 75 BC, Rome
MAXSVMVS
Bust of Cupid right, bow and quiver over shoulder
III | C N . N
Jupiter on left and Libertas on right, standing facing in distyle Temple of Jupiter Libertas
C . EGNATIVS CN . F in exergue
17mm x 18mm, 3.71g
Egnatia 3; Crawford 391/2; Sydenham 788

Notes: This coin shows the Temple of Jupiter Libertas on the Aventine Hill. It was build in mid 3rd century BC and it was later restored by Augustus. This is the only image known to us of this architecture.


Roman Republican, M. Volteius M.f., AR Denarius, 75 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Laureate, helmeted, draped bust of Attis right, shield behind
M . VOLTEI . M . F
Cybele seated, driving biga of lions right, ML above
18mm x 19mm, 4.02g
Volteia 4; Crawford 384/4; Sydenham 777

Notes: The field mark should be in Greek, however, it really does appear to be ML.


Roman Republican, L. Lucretius Trio, AR Denarius, 74 BC, Rome
TXII
Laureate head of Nepture right, trident behind
L . LVCRETI / TRIO
Winged Genius riding dolphin right
18mm x 20mm, 3.80g
Lucretia 3; Crawford 390/2; Sydenham 784

Notes from Seaby RSC: This type may refer to an ancestor, C. Lucretius Gallus, who, in 181 BC, was created duumvir navalis, and later commanded the fleet against Perseus of Macedon.


Roman Republican, C. Postumius Tatius (?), AR Denarius, 74 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Draped bust of Diana right, wearing hair tied into knot; bow and quiver over shoulder
(No legend)
Hunting dog running right, spear right below
C. POSTVMI / A in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.70g
Postumia 9; Crawford 394/1a; Sydenham 785


Roman Republican, C. Postumius Tatius (?), AR Denarius, 74 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Draped bust of Diana right, wearing hair tied into knot; bow and quiver over shoulder
(No legend)
Hunting dog running right, spear right below
C. POSTVMI / A in exergue
18mm, 3.90g
Postumia 9; Crawford 394/1a; Sydenham 785

Consignor notes: aEF. Exceptional.


Roman Republican, M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus, AR Denarius, 67 BC, First Issue, Rome
CESTIANVS
Turreted bust of Cybele right, forepart of lion behind, globe under chin
M . PLAETORIVS . AED . CVR . EX . S . C
Curule bench, drum (?) on seat, hammer in left field
18mm x 20mm, 3.85g
Plaetoria 3; Crawford 409/2; Sydenham 808

Notes from Seaby RSC: This refers to the celebration of the Ludi Megalesiaci, in honor of Cybele, which were under the control of the curule aediles.


Roman Republican, M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus, AR Denarius, 67 BC, First Issue, Rome
CESTIANVS | S . C
Helmeted and draped bust right, with attributes of Isis, Minerva, Apollo, Diana, and Victory, cornucopiae below chin
M_. PLAET_ORIVS . M . F ._AED . CVR .
Eagle standing facing on thunderbolt, turned right, head left, tail left
18mm, 3.95g
Plaetoria 4; Crawford 409/1; Sydenham 809

Notes from Classical Numismatic Group (with clarifications by me): The traditional identification of the female bust as Vacuna is impossible, writes Crawford, citing the work of J.P. Morel, MEFR 1962, 25-29. An identification as Isis, according to the work of A. Alfφldi, SM 1954, 30-31, is perhaps correct. In short, the identification of the obverse type is uncertain, as the female has attributes of Isis (hem-hem), Minerva (high-crested helmet), Apollo/Diana (bow and quiver), and Victory (wings).


Roman Republican, Mn. Aquillius Mn.f Mn.n, AR Denarius Serratus, 65 BC, Rome
VIRTVS | III . VIR
Draped bust of Virtus right wearing Corinthian helmet ornamented with vertical feather across bowl
MN (ligate) AQVIL | MN (ligate) . F MN (ligate) . N
Man. Aquillius in military dress standing facing, head right, shield in left hand, right hand on back of abject, nude Sicilia left
SICIL in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.94g
Aquillia 2; Crawford 401/1; Sydenham 798

Notes from Seaby RSC: "This refers to the successes in Sicily of Man. Aquillius (consul 101 BC) and to the exceptional valor which he displayed throughout the war."

My note: This reverse is described as the consul "raising Sicily", however, it strikes me as very much being the exact opposite. I'm describing it with hand on the back of Sicily, not raising her, but instead showing the victorious military dominance over the area during the war. In every instance of the reverse figure raising the personification of the region or area, the figure is facing the abject figure and lending a hand, not spurning them and showing them nude and completely helpless.

Comments received June 2009 from others to consider about the reverse type:

"If you look closely at the female figure, you will see that she is "drooping" and being supported by the hand grasping her shoulder.  If he were "suppressing" her, she would look "braced" against an unfriendly force, and you would probably see the top of his hand pressing on her."

"The events depicted revolve around the slave revolt in Sicily in 101 BC, which disrupted part of Rome's food supply causing a famine in Rome. Mn. Aquillius was sent to Sicily to solve the problem. Based on this, my feeling is the women depicted is a personification of the starving people of Rome, shown too weak to stand, and that Mn Aquillius is shown using is shield to protection against what ever he is looking at to the right (not part of the design). So he is neither raising her, or suppressing her, but rather protecting her."

"She looks to me as personifying an enemy that has been "reduced". She faces away, hence she is not being elevated, but not "CAPTA" either, i.e., alone crying."

"When looking at your coin think same as you: Manllius killing a slave....but as we say in Spanish "doctores tiene la Iglesia", and I would not say opposite. But I remember that there is a Republican denarius that has an ancestor of moneyer hitting his soldiers with a whip. And more if the ancestor killed with his own hands the slaves leader, Antenion (from Calicσ)."

"I suppose this could be lifting up a moribund Sicily! "Under the Republic wheat-growing, vital to Rome's food supply, was fostered; large latifundia grew up, as a result of big Roman (and Sicilian) purchases of landed estates. These were worked by slaves whose conditions provoked the serious rebellions of 135-132 and 104-100 BC. Some of the urban centres were attacked and damaged, but despite these setbacks a majority of the Sicilian towns flourished in the 2nd and 1st cents. BC." (thus OLD) Clearly a raised Sicily was better for Rome than a suppressed one."


Roman Republican, Mn. Aquillius Mn.f Mn.n, AR Denarius Serratus, 65 BC, Rome
VIRTVS | III . VIR
Draped bust of Virtus right wearing Corinthian helmet ornamented with vertical feather across bowl
MN (ligate) AQVIL | MN (ligate) . F MN (ligate) . N
Man. Aquillius in military dress standing facing, head right, shield in left hand, right hand on back of abject, nude Sicilia left
SICIL in exergue
18mm x 20mm, 4.01g
Aquillia 2; Crawford 401/1; Sydenham 798
Ex Harlan Berk; Ex Ben's Stamp and Coins in Chicago between 1950-1955

Notes from Seaby RSC: "This refers to the successes in Sicily of Man. Aquillius (consul 101 BC) and to the exceptional valor which he displayed throughout the war."


Roman Republican, C. Hosidius C.f. Geta, AR Denarius, 64 BC, Rome
GETA | III . VIR
Draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder
(No legend)
The Calydonian Boar standing right, pierced by spear in shoulder, attacked by hound from below
C . HOSIDI . C . F in exergue
18mm, 3.77g, Die axis 5.0
Hosidia 1; Crawford 407/2; Sydenham 903

Notes from consignor: Excellent detail and strike, some surface deterioration outside the left dotted border on the obverse and above the boar and at the boar’s rear feet. All in all, an attractive detailed example of Diana and the Calydonian Boar.

The Calydonian Boar is one of a genre of chthonic monsters in Greek mythology, each set in a specific locale, which must be overcome by heroes of the Olympian age. Sent by Artemis to ravage the region of Calydon in Aetolia, it met its end in the Calydonian Hunt, in which all the heroes of the new age pressed to take part, with the exception of Heracles. This incident in Greek mythology is paired with the Roman god Diana, the equivalent of the Greek god Artemis.


Roman Republican, C. Hosidius C.f. Geta, AR Denarius, 64 BC, Rome
GETA | III • VIR
Diademed, draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder
(No legend)
The Calydonian Boar standing right, pierced by spear in shoulder, attacked by hound from below
C • HOSIDI • C • F in exergue
16mm x 18mm, 3.93g
Hosidia 1; Crawford 407/2; Sydenham 903
Ex Harlan Berk; Ex Ben's Stamp and Coins in Chicago, between 1950-1955.


Roman Republican, C. Hosidius C.f. Geta, AR Denarius, 64 BC, Rome
GETA | III • VIR
Diademed, draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder
(No legend)
The Calydonian Boar standing right, attacked by hound from below
C • HOSIDI • C • F in exergue
16mm x 18mm, 3.92g
Hosidia 1a; Crawford 407/2 var.; Sydenham 903a

Note: This is the variety with no spear piercing the boar and is far scarcer than the other.


Roman Republican, C. Hosidius C.f. Geta, AR Denarius Serratus, 64 BC, Rome
GETA | III • VIR
Draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder
(No legend)
The Calydonian Boar standing right, pierced by spear in shoulder, attacked by hound from below
C • HOSIDI • C • F in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.85g
Hosidia 2; Crawford 407/1; Sydenham 904


Roman Republican, C. Hosidius C.f. Geta, AR Denarius Serratus, 64 BC, Rome
GETA | III • VIR
Draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder
(No legend)
The Calydonian Boar standing right, pierced by spear in shoulder, attacked by hound from below
C • HOSIDI • C • F in exergue
19mm x 20mm, 3.93g
Hosidia 2; Crawford 407/1; Sydenham 904


Roman Republican, L. Aemilius Paullus Lepidus, AR Denarius, 62 BC, Rome
PAVLLVS . LEPIDVS-CONCORDIA
Diademed, veiled head of Concordia right
TER
L Aemilius Paullus Lepidus on right, standing facing, head left, right hand on trophy at center, Perseus and his two sons as captives on left
PAVLLVS in exergue
18mm x 19mm, 3.48g
Aemilia 10; Cr 415/1; Syd 926
Ex Vel Garnett Collection


Roman Republican, L. Scribonius Libo, AR Denarius, 62 BC, Rome
LIBO | BON EVENT
Diademed head of Bonus Eventus right
PVTEAL
Well head ornamented with two lyres, tongs and festoons
SCRIBON in exergue
19mm, 3.54g
Scribonia 8; Crawford 416/1a; Sydenham 928
Ex Vel Garnett Collection

Notes from Seaby RSC: Bonus Eventus was the god of "Good Fortune" and the divinity who favored agriculture. The reverse shows the Puteal Scribonianum which was erected in the Forum near the arch of Fabius.


Roman Republican, C. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, AR Denarius, 61 BC, Rome
Head of Apollo right with fillet
Monogram behind
C PISO . L . F FRV
Horseman galloping right, holding palm branch
Symbol below
18mm x 19mm, 3.74g
Calpurnia 24; Crawford 408/1b; Sydenham 851ff


Roman Republican, C. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, AR Denarius, 61 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Laureate head of Apollo right, Q behind
C PISO . L . F . FRVG
Nude horseman galloping right, holding whip, lizard in left field
18mm, 3.97g
Calpurnia 24h; Crawford 408; Sydenham 865; Babelon Sign 253


Roman Republican, L. Plautius Hypsaeus, AR Denarius, 60 BC, Rome
P . YPSAE . S . C
Head of Neptune right, trident in left field
CEPIT
Jupiter in fast quadriga left
C . YPSAE . COS / PRIV in exergue
19.4mm, 3.85g, Die axis 4.5
Plautia 11; Crawford 420/1a; Sydenham 910

Notes from consignor: Good EF. Good metal with dark toning with a bit of iridescence and luster, some cleaning scratches below head and above quadriga, very attractive.


Roman Republican, L. Cassius Longinus, AR Denarius, 60 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Veiled head of Vesta left, S in left field, cylix in right
LONGIN III V
Voter standing left, dropping ballot inscribed V in cista
19mm x 20mm, 3.88g
Crawford 413/1; Sydenham 935

Note: The reverse commemorates a proposal by L. Cassius Ravilla in 137 BC for a method of voting which became the Lex Cassia Tabellaria.


Roman Republican, L. Roscius Fabatus, AR Denarius Serratus, 59 BC, Rome
L • ROSCI
Head of Juno Sospita right wearing goat skin headdress, lyre behind
(No legend)
Female standing right feeding serpent erect before her, plectrum behind
FABATI in exergue
17mm x 19mm, 3.94g
Roscia 3; Crawford 412/1; Sydenham 915

Notes from Seaby: The reverse type depicts the scene that occurred yearly at Lanuvium at the festival in honour of Juno Sospita, when a virgin descended into the grotto under the temple with food for the serpent who dwelled there. If the girl selected for the ceremony was chaste, then she returned safely to her home, where there was much rejoicing. If she was not chaste, she was destroyed by the serpent. The symbols on the obverse and reverse have a direct relation to each other in character. Babelon illustrates 155 pairs.


Roman Republican, L. Roscius Fabatus, AR Denarius Serratus, 59 BC, Rome
L • ROSCI
Head of Juno Sospita right wearing goat skin headdress, squid (?) behind, shrimp in front
(No legend)
Female standing right feeding serpent erect before her, harpoon behind
FABATI in exergue
17mm x 19mm, 3.85g
Roscia 3; Crawford 412/1; Sydenham 915


Roman Republican, M. Aemilius Lepidus, AR Denarius, 58 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Laureate head of female right, wreath behind, simpulum before
AN . XV . PR . H . O .-C . S .
Equestrian statue of M. Lepidus right, trophy in left hand, reigns in right
M . LEPIDVS in exergue
18mm, 3.93g
Aemilia 22b; Crawford 419/1d; Sydenham 830b

Note: The reverse legend stands for Annorum quindecem progressus hostem occidit, civem servavit


Roman Republican, C. Servilius C.f., AR Denarius, 57 BC, Rome
FLORAL (AL ligate) PRIMVS (MV ligate)
Head of Flora right, wearing wreath of flowers, lituus in left field
C . F
Two soldiers advancing toward each other, shield with floral design in left hand, presenting short sword in right
C . SERVEIL . (RVE ligate) in exergue
17mm x 21mm, 3.78g
Servilia 15; Crawford 423/1; Sydenham 890

Notes in Seaby: "The obverse refers to the institution of the Floralia or Ludi Florales on the occasion of the dedication of the temple to Flora in the Circus Maximus in 240 BC".


Roman Republican, Faustus Cornelius Sulla, AR Denarius, 56 BC, Rome
FAVSTVS
Diademed, draped bust of Diana right, crescent "above", lituus behind
FELIX
Sulla seated left between Bocchus, King of Mauretania kneeling on left facing right and presenting branch and Jugurtha, King of Numidia kneeling on right facing left
19mm x 23mm, 3.83g
Cornelia 59; Crawford 426/1; Sydenham 879

Note: This moneyer was the son of the great dictator and his types are in honor of his father. The reverse represents one of the earliest and most remarkable events in the life of Sulla - the submission of Bocchus and the surrender of Jugurtha. Faustus married Pompey's daughter.

45-degree die shift on both sides makes this a very interesting error coin.


Roman Republican, C. Memmius C.f., AR Denarius, 56 BC, Rome
Q_VIRINVS | C . MEMMI . C . F .
Laureate, bearded head of Romulus Quirinus right
MEMMIVS . AED . CERIALIA . PREIMVS . FECIT
Ceres seated right, torch in left hand, grain ears in right, grain ears laying across left leg, serpent at left facing left
19mm x 21mm, 3.76g
Memmia 9; Cr 427/2; Syd 921

Note: This type relates to the institution at Rome of the Ludi Cereales. The head on the obverse refers to the origin of the gens through Romulus from the Trojan Menetheus.


Roman Republican, L. Marcus Philippus, AR Denarius, 56 BC, Rome
ANCVS
Diademed head of Ancus Marcius right, lituus behind
PHILIPPVS / A | Q | V | A | MAR (ligate)
Equestrian statue right, on an arcade of five arches, flower before horse
18mm x 19mm, 3.75g
Marcia 28; BMC 3890; Sydenham 919a

Note: The Marcia gens claimed decent from Ancus Marcius, the fourth king of Rome, who is said to have been the first to bring water to Rome be means of an aqueduct. The equestrian statue is of Q. Marcius Rex, who was commissioned by the Senate to repair old aqueducts and build one which would give a supply to the Capitol, while he was praetor in 144 BC. This aqueduct is known as the Aqua Marcia.


Roman Republican, P. Fonteius P.f. Capito, AR Denarius, 55 BC, Rome
P . FONTEIVS . P . F . CAPITO . III . VIR
Helmeted, draped bust of Mars right, trophy over shoulder
MN . FONT . TR . MIL (MN and NT ligate)
Horseman rearing right, preparing to thrust spear with right hand at enemy soldier about to run sword through disarmed opponent, helmet and shield in lower right field
17.8mm, 4.01g, Die axis 12.0
Fonteia 17; Crawford 429/1; Sydenham 900

Notes from consignor: Good metal and centering, slight luster in protected areas, banker’s marks on face.


Roman Republican, P. Fonteius P.f. Capito, AR Denarius, 55 BC, Rome
P • FONTEIVS • P • F-CAPITO • III • VIR
Helmeted, draped bust of Mars right, trophy over shoulder
MN •-FONT • TR •-MIL (MN and NT ligate)
Horseman rearing right, preparing to thrust spear with right hand at enemy soldier about to run sword through disarmed opponent, helmet and shield in lower right field
17mm x 18mm, 4.07g
Fonteia 17; Crawford 429/1; Sydenham 900
Ex Collection formed c.1893 and includes original collection envelope (listing the purchase price then as $2.75)


Roman Republic, Cn. Plancius, AR Denarius, 55 BC, Rome
CN • PLANCIVS-AED • CVR • S • C
Bust of Diana Planciana right wearing earring, necklace and petasus
(No legend)
Cretan goat right, bow and quiver behind
17mm x 19mm, 3.94g
Plancia 1; Crawford 432/1; Sydenham 933

Notes from Seaby: This moneyer had served in Crete under the proconsul Q. Metellus, and also as military tribune in Macedonia. Both of these commands are illustrated on this type.


Roman Republic, M. Junius Brutus, AR Denarius, 54 BC, Rome
LIBERTAS
Bust of Libertas right
BRVTVS
L. Junius Brutus as consul, between two lictors, preceeded by accensus, all walking left
18mm x 19mm, 4.00g
Junia 31; Crawford 433/1; Sydenham 906

Notes from Seaby: These pieces were struck by Brutus, one of the assassins of Julius Caesar, when as a young man he was a moneyer. The types, while illustrating his strong republican views, are records of his ancestry. The latter recalls the expulsion of the Tarquins from Rome in 509BC by L. Junius Brutus who was consul that year. The other also points to his connection through his mother with the Servilia gens. C. Servilius Ahala, when Master of the Horse in 439BC, slew Spurius Maelius on the ground that he was plotting against the state.


Roman Republican, Mn. Acilius Glabrio, AR Denarius, 49 BC, Rome
SALVTIS
Laureate head of Salus right
MN . ACILIVS-III . VIR . VALETV (MN and TV ligate)
Valetudo standing facing, head left, left arm resting on column, snake in right arm
16.9mm, 3.79g, Die axis 5.5
Acilia 8; Crawford 442/1a; Sydenham 922

Notes from consignor: Good EF. Excellent metal with colorful iridescent toning and nice luster, very attractive.


Roman Republican, L. Hostilius Saserna, AR Denarius, 48 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Female head (Ceres or Salus?) right wearing wreath
L . HOSTILIVS-SASERNA
Victory advancing right, transverse winged caduceus in right hand, trophy (?) consisting of three palms, a grain ear and a bundle of wheat
18mm x 19mm, 4.05g
Hostilia 5; Crawford 448/1a; Sydenham 951

Notes: The obverse is usually described as possibly Clementia or Pietas or just a female head. The reverse is described as Victory holding a trophy. On this well-preserved example, all of the details are well-struck on the reverse and I've described what Victory is holding as best as I can determine, which then made me consider the obverse as being Ceres, the goddess of grain and fertility. I've never encountered such an unusual depiction of a trophy and have to wonder if when the coin was originally catalogued if the specimen was worn or off-center and thus obscuring the delicate details behind Victory's head. The more probable answer for the obverse is Salus, daughter of Asclepius, since Victory is holding a caduceus and perhaps the other artifacts she is holding refers to medicinal herbs instead of agriculture.

Some notes from other numismatists:

Andrew McCabe (November 2009): "Grueber is of course more helpful (than Crawford): 'The female head on the obverse is precisely similar to that on the coins struck in the previous year by Julius Caesar, the Victory on the reverse can only refer to the Gaulish war, and the caduceus which she holds to the largesses which followed Caesar's entry into Rome'. He then goes on to describe the "Pietas" on the obverse in some detail, and describes the reverse trophy as being 'of Gallic arms and palm branches around'. Your coin is unusually well preserved and struck with regard to the trophy; on yours the fact that the trophy is probably made of arms of some kind is clear, thus Grueber is probably spot-on."

Marvin Tameanko (November 2009): "Older dictionaries of Roman antiquities say that a trophy, tropaeum in Latin, may be of several kinds. There is the trophy of arms erected hastily on the battle field to mark a victory. It consisted of the arms and armor taken from the defeated enemy. Then there was the trophy of a naval battle, which had ships prows or even whole ships put on display. The type shown on the coin in question is a trophy of the spoils of war, in this case agricultural products reaped from the fields of Gaul, which was carried in the triumph parade in Rome. Food was very important to Romans as booty from a war. End of formal lecture :-) As well, The caduceus carried by victory can be a symbol of wealth, in this case agricultural wealth, taken from Gaul. With this agricultural theme, the female head on the obverse is probably an agricultural deity, perhaps Ceres."


Roman Republican, C. Vibius C.f. C.n. Pansa Caetronianus, AR Denarius, 48 BC, Rome
PAN[SA]
Head of young Liber (Bacchus) right, wearing wreath of ivy and grapes, hair in knot, two locks falling down neck
[C VIBIV]S C . F . C . N
Ceres advancing right, torch in each hand, plough before
18.0mm, 3.88g, Die axis 7.0
Vibia 16; Crawford 449/2; Sydenham 946

Notes from consignor: Nice EF. Superb metal with full luster and iridescent toning, reverse without as much luster and darker toning. Very attractive example with reverse in hand looking much better than picture.


Roman Republican, D. Junius Brutus Albinus, AR Denarius, 48 BC, Rome
PIETAS
Head of Pietas right wearing earring and necklace
ALBINVS • BRVTI • F
Clasped hands holding caduceus
17mm x 19mm, 3.73g
Postumia 10; Crawford 450/2; Sydenham 942


Roman Republican, C. Vibius C.f. C.n. Pansa Caetronianus, AR Denarius, 48 BC, Rome
PANSA
Bearded mask of Pan right
C • VIBIVS • C • F • C • N-IOVIS AXVR
Jupiter Axurus (or Anxurus) seated left, patera in right hand, vertical scepter in left
17mm x 19mm, 4.03g
Vibia 18; Crawford 449/1a; Sydenham 947
Ex Harlan J Berk


Roman Republican, C. Vibius Pansa and Decimus Postumius Albinus, AR Denarius, 48 BC, Rome
C • PANSA
Mask of Pan right
ALBINVS • BRVTI • F
Clasped hands holding caduceus
18mm x 19mm, 3.52g
Vibia 22; Crawford 451/3; Sydenham 944
Ex Harlan J Berk


Roman Republican, L. Plautius Plancus, AR Denarius, 47 BC, Rome
L . PLAVTIVS
Facing mask of Medusa with disheveled hair, serpents at the sides of face
PLANCVS
Winged Aurora flying right, conducting the four horses of the Sun
18mm x 19mm, 4.02g
Plautia 15; Crawford 453/1a; Sydenham 959

Note: In Roman Silver Coins, Vol 1, Seaby notes "This moneyer was a brother of L. Munatius but was adopted into the Plautia gens. Ovid relates that during the censorship of C. Plautius and Ap. Claudius Caecus in 312 BC, the latter quarreled with the tibicenes, who retired to Tibur. As the people resented their loss, Plautius caused them to be placed in wagons and conveyed back to Rome early in the morning, in order that they should not be recognized their faces were covered with masks. The chariot of Aurora is an allusion to their early arrival and the mask to the concealment of their faces. In commemoration of this event the fetes called Quinquatrus Minusculae were celebrated yearly at Rome on June 13th, at which those that took part in them wore masks."


Roman Republican, L. Plautius Plancus, AR Denarius, 47 BC, Rome
L . PLAVTIVS
Facing mask of Medusa with disheveled hair, serpents at the sides of face
PLANCVS
Winged Aurora flying right, conducting the four horses of the Sun
17mm x 20mm, 3.81g
Plautia 15; Crawford 453/1a; Sydenham 959
Ex Stack's, November 6, 1996, Lot 380


Roman Republican, L. Plautius Plancus, AR Denarius, 47 BC, Rome
L . PLAVTIVS
Facing mask of Medusa with disheveled hair, serpents at the sides of face
PLANCVS
Winged Aurora flying right, conducting the four horses of the Sun
18mm x 19mm, 3.54g
Plautia 15; Crawford 453/1a; Sydenham 959


Roman Republican, L. Plautius Plancus, AR Denarius, 47 BC, Rome
L • PLAVTIVS
Facing mask of Medusa with disheveled hair, serpents at the sides of face
PLANCVS
Winged Aurora flying right, conducting the four horses of the Sun
17mm x 18mm, 3.47g
Plautia 15; Crawford 453/1a; Sydenham 959


Roman Republican, Julius Caesar, AR Denarius, 47 BC, Sicily or possibly Lilybaion, Aulus Allienus as Proconsul
C • CAESAR | IMP • COS • ITER
Diademed, draped bust of Venus right
A • ALLIENVS | PRO • COS
Trinacrus standing left, right foot on prow, triskeles in right hand, fold of cloak in left
18mm x 19mm, 3.56g
Alliena 1 and Julia 14; Crawford 457/1; Sydenham 1022; CRI 54

Notes from listing on a Nomos AG auction - In late 47 BC, Caesar was in Sicily, preparing for his assault on the Pompeian forces in North Africa. During this period, a rare, small issue of denarii was produced in his name by Aulus Allienus, then the proconsul of Sicily. The reverse shows a figure of Trinacrus, supposedly a son of Neptune, who may have been invented to account for the name Trinacria, commonly used for Sicily. The coins of Allienus must have seen considerable circulation as almost all surviving specimens are considerably worn.


Roman Republican, Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio, AR Denarius, 47-46 BC, Military mint traveling with Scipio in Africa, Eppius as Legate
Q . METELL-SCIPIO IMP
Small head of Africa right, wearing elephant-skin headdress, grain stalk before, plow below
EPPIVS-LEG . F . C
Hercules standing facing, right hand on hip, leaning on club draped with lion's skin and set on rock
18mm x 19mm, 3.87g
Caecilia 50a; Crawford 461/1; CRI 44; Sydenham 1051
Ex Subak, Inc (John Subak)


Roman Republican, Mn. Cordius Rufus, AR Denarius, 46 BC, Rome
RVFVS . III . VIR
Conjoined heads of the Dioscuri right, each wearing filleted pileus surmounted by star
MN (ligate) . CORDIVS
Venus Verticordia standing left, scales in right hand, transverse scepter in left, Cupid on left shoulder
15mm x 19mm, 3.45g
Cordia 2b, Crawford 463/1b, Sydenham 976c

Note: In Roman Silver Coins, Vol 1, Seaby notes "Venus Verticordia, the goddess who "turns the hearts of men", to whom a temple was specifically dedicated at Rome after the corruption of the Vestal Virgins, may not only be a punning allusion to the Cordia gens, but may also refer to the family of Julius Ceasar, which claimed its descent from Venus herself. The Cordia family came originally from Tusculum where there was a special cult of the Dioscuri."


Roman Republican, Mn. Cordius Rufus, AR Denarius, 46 BC, Rome
RVFVS • III • VIR
Conjoined heads of the Dioscuri right, each wearing filleted pileus surmounted by star
MN (ligate) • CORDIVS
Venus Verticordia standing left, scales in right hand, transverse scepter in left, Cupid on left shoulder
16mm x 19mm, 3.90g
Cordia 2b, Crawford 463/1b, Sydenham 976c


Roman Republican, Mn. Cordius Rufus, AR Denarius, 46 BC, Rome
RVFVS • S • C
Diademed head of Venus right
MN (ligate) • CORDIVS
Winged Genius riding dolphin right
18mm x 19mm, 3.99g
Cordia 3, Crawford 463/3, Sydenham 977
Ex Harlan J Berk


Roman Republican, Mn. Cordius Rufus, AR Denarius, 46 BC, Rome
RVFVS
Owl standing right, head facing, on crested Corinthian helmet
MN (ligate) • C_O_R_D_I_V_S
Legend surrounding aegis of Minerva, head of Medusa in center
17mm x 18mm, 3.74g
Cordia 4, Crawford 463/2, Sydenham 978; Sear Imperators 64
Ex Harlan Berk


Roman Republican, T. Carisius, AR Denarius, 46 BC, Rome
ROMA
Head of Roma right wearing Attic helmet with plume on either side
T . CARIS
Cornucopiae on celestial globe, scepter on left, rudder on right, all within laurel wreath border
18mm, 3.87g, Die axis 10.0
Carisia 5, Crawford 464/3a, Sydenham 984b

Notes from consignor: EF/Good EF. Excellent metal with iridescence and luster, obverse struck from worn die and is better in hand than picture indicates. Nice example of rarely seen issue with excellent reverse.


Roman Republican, T. Carisius, AR Denarius, 46 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of the Aphrodisian Sybil right, hair back in sling
T • CARISIVS
Sphinx seated right
III • VIR in exergue
16mm x 18mm, 3.94g
Carisia 11a, Crawford 464/1, Sydenham 983b


Roman Republican, Petillius Capitolinus, AR Denarius, 43 BC, Rome
PETILLIVS / CAPITOLINVS
Eagle standing facing on thunderbolt, head right, tail left
(No legend)
Hexastyle temple of Jupiter with perspective showing three columns inside temple, pediment ornamented with armed figures
S | F across fields
17mm x 19mm, 3.66g
Petillia 3, Crawford 487/2b, Sydenham 1151
Ex Steve Santore, July 2003

Note from Roman Silver Coins by Seaby - The family no doubt held some hereditary office connected with the temple of Jupiter, which stood in the Capitol.


Roman Republican, P. Clodius M.f. Turrinus, AR Denarius, 42 BC, Rome
Laureate head of Apollo right, lyre behind
P. CLODIVS | . M . F across fields
Diana Lucifera standing facing, lit long torch in each hand, bow and quiver across shoulder
18mm x 20mm, 3.94g
Claudia 15; Sydenham 1117


Roman Republican, P. Clodius M.f. Turrinus, AR Denarius, 42 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Laureate head of Apollo right, lyre in left field
P. CLODIVS | . M . F across fields
Diana Lucifera standing right, lit long torch in each hand, bow and quiver across shoulder
18mm x 20mm, 3.85g
Claudia 15; Crawford 494/23; Sydenham 1117

Notes in Seaby: "The worship of Diana and Sol was introduced into Rome by the Sabines and this coin refers to the origin of the gens."


Roman Republican, C. Vibius Varus, AR Denarius, 42 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Laureate head of Hercules right
C • VIBIVS | VARVS
Minerva standing facing, head right, vertical spear in right hand, Victory in left
17mm x 18mm, 3.90g
Vibia 23; Crawford 494/37; Sydenham 1139


Roman Republican, C. Vibius Varus, AR Denarius, 42 BC, Rome
(No legend)
Head of Liber right, wearing wreath of ivy and grapes, hair in knot, one lock down neck
VARVS
Panther springing left upward toward altar surmounted by mask, thyrsus resting against altar
C . VIBIVS in exergue
17.1mm, 3.49g, Die axis 7.5
Vibia 24; Crawford 494/36; Sydenham 1138; CRI 192

Notes from consignor: Excellent metal with slight luster and iridescent toning, attractive and nice reverse.


Roman Republican, L. Mussidius Longus, AR Denarius, 42 BC, Rome
CONCORDIA
Veiled and diademed head of Concordia right
L • MVSSIDIVS LONGVS
Clasped hands holding caduceus
18mm x 19mm, 3.45g
Mussidia 5; Crawford 494/41; Sydenham 1092

Notes: This coin was struck as a tribute to the Triumvirs in their victories over Brutus.


Roman Republican, L. Mussidius Longus, AR Denarius, 42 BC, Rome
CONCORDIA
Veiled and diademed head of Concordia right, crescent under chin
L • MVSSIDIVS LONGVS
Circular platform ornamented with a trellis-pattern balustrade, inscribed CLOACIN, on which there are two statues of Venus Cloacina, each resting hand on cippus; flight of steps at left side of platform
19mm x 20mm, 3.98g
Mussidia 6a; Crawford 494/42c; Sydenham 1093b

Consignor notes: aEF. A bit weakly struck on reverse, which is somewhat common for the issue. Quite scarce.

Key = Year - Issuer/Moneyer [ name as it usually appears on the coin ]

211 BC-150 BC Anonymous Issues

210 BC - P. Manlius Vulso (?) [ MA ]

206-200 BC - Q. Lutatius Catulus or Cerco [ QLC ]

194-190 BC - Caecilius Metellus [ ME ]

194-190 BC - Baebius Tamphilus [ TAMP ]

194-190 BC - L. Plautius Hypsaeus [ LPLH ]

189-180 BC - Cn. Domitius Cn.f.L.n.Ahenobarbus [ CN. DO ]

189-180 BC - Q. Marius [ Q. MARI ]

189-180 BC - M. Titinius [ M. TITINI ]

189-180 BC - Cn. Calpurnius [ CN. CALP ]

189-180 BC - L. Coelius [ L. COIL ]

179-170 BC - Iuventius Thalna [ TAL ]

179-170 BC - Matienus [ MAT ]

169-158 BC - C. Cluvius Saxula [ C. SAX ]

169-158 BC - A. Caecilius [ A. CAE. ]

169-158 BC - Paetus (?) [ PAE ]

169-158 BC - L. Cornelius Cinna [ CINA ]

169-158 BC - L. Licinius Murena [ MVRENA ]

169-158 BC - Furius Purpurio [ PVR ]

169-158 BC - Valerius [ VAL ]

169-158 BC - Papirius Turdus [ TVRD ]

155 BC - Sex. Atilius Saranus (Serranus) [ SAR ]

155 BC - Pinarius Natta [ NAT ]

154 BC - C. Scribonius [ C. SCR ]

153 BC - C. Maianius [ C. MAIANI ]

152 BC - L. Saufeius [ L. SAVF ]

151 BC - P. Cornelius Sulla [ P. SVLA ]

150 BC - Decimius Flavus [ FLAVS ]

149 BC - Pinarius Natta [ NATTA ]

149 BC - L. Iteius or Iteilius [ L. ITI ]

149 BC - C. Iunius C.f. [ C. IVNI C.F ]

148 BC - M. Atilius Saranus [ M. ATILI SARAN ]

148 BC - Q. Marcus Libo [ Q. MARC LIBO ]

148 BC - L. Sempronius Pitio [ L. SEMP PITIO ]

147 BC - C. Terentius Lucanus [ C. TER LVC ]

147 BC - L. Cupiennius [ L. CVP ]

146 BC - C. Antestius [ C. ANTESTI ]

145 BC - M. Iunius D.f. Silanus [ M. IVNI ]

144 BC - T. Annius Rufus [ AN RVF ]

141 BC - L. Iulius [ L. IVLI ]

141 BC - C. Titinius [ C. TITINI ]

140 BC - C. Valerius C.f. Flaccus [ C. VAL C.F FLAC ]

139 BC - M. Aurelius Cotta [ M. AVRELI COTA ]

139 BC - A. Spurilius or Spurius (?) [ A. SPVRI ]

138 BC - C. Renius [ C. RENI ]

138 BC - P. Aelius Paetus [ P. PAETVS ]

137 BC - Ti. Veturius [ TI. VET ]

137 BC - Sex. Pompeius [ SEX. POM ]

137 BC - M. Baebius Q.f. Tampilus [ M. BAEBI Q.F TAMPIL ]

136 BC - Cn. Lucretius Trio [ CN. LVCR TRIO ]

136 BC - L. Antestius Gragulus [ L. ANTES GRAG ]

136 BC - C. Serveilius M.f. [ C. SERVEILI M.F ]

135 BC - C. Curiatius Trigeminus filius [ C. CVR F TRIG ]

135 BC - L. Trebanius [ L. TREBANI ]

135 BC - C. Minucius Augurinus [ C. AVG ]

134 BC - Ti. Minucius C.f. Augurinus [ TI. MINVCI C.F AVGVRINI ]

134 BC - C. Aburius Geminus [ C. ABVRI GEM ]

134 BC - M. Marcius Mn.f. [ M. MARC MN.F ]

133 BC - C. Numitorius [ C. NVMITORI ]

133 BC - L. Minucius [ L. MINVCI ]

132 BC - P. Maenius M.f. Antias or Antiaticus [ P. MAE ANT M.F ]

132 BC - M. Aburius Geminus [ M. ABVRI GEM ]

131 BC - L. Postumius Albinus [ L. POST ALB ]

131 BC - L. Opeimus [ L. OPEIMI ]

131 BC - M. Opeimus [ M. OPEIMI ]

130 BC - M. Acilius M.f [ M. ACILIVS M.F ]

130 BC - Q. Caecilius Metellus [ Q. METE ]

130 BC - M. Vargunteius [ M. VARG ]

129 BC - Sex. Julius Caesar [ SEX. IVLI CAISAR ]

129 BC - Q. Marcius Philippus [ Q. PHILIPVS ]

128 BC - T. Cloelius (Cloulius) [ T. CLOVLI ]

128 BC - Cn. Domitius Calvinus or Ahenobarbus [ CN. DOM ]

128 BC - L. Caecilius Metellus Diadematus or Delmaticus [ Elephant's Head ]

127 BC - M. Caecilius Q.f.Q.n. Metellus [ M. METELLVS Q.F ]

127 BC - C. Servilius Vatia [ C. SERVEIL ]

127 BC - Q. Fabius Maximus (First Issue ?) [ Q. MAX ]

126 BC - C. Cassius [ C. CASSI ]

126 BC - T. Quinctius Flaminius [ T. Q ]

126 BC - N. Fabius Pictor [ N. FABI PICTOR ]

125 BC - C. Caecilius Metellus Caprarius [ C. METELLVS ]

125 BC - M. Porcius Laeca [ M. PORC LAECA ]

125 BC - Mn. Acilius Balbus [ MN. ACILI BALBVS ]

124 BC - Q. Fabius Labeo [ Q. FABI LABEO ]

123 BC - C. Porcius Cato [ C. CATO ]

123 BC - M. Fannius C.f. [ M. FAN C.F ]

122 BC - M. Papirius Carbo [ M. CARBO ]

122 BC - Q. Minucius Rufus [ Q. MINV RVF ]

121 BC - C. Plutius [ C. PLVTI ]

121 BC - Cn. Papirius Carbo [ CARB ]

120 BC - M. Tullius [ M. TVLLI ]

119 BC - M. Furius L.f Philus [ M. FORVI L.F PHILI ]

118 BC - M. Aurelius Scaurus [ M. AVRELI SCAVRI ]

118 BC - L. Licinius Crassus [ L. LIC ]

118 BC - Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus [ CN. DOM ]

118 BC - L. Cosconius M.f. [ L. COSCO M.F ]

118 BC - C. Publicius Malleolus C.f. [ C. MALLE C.F ]

118 BC - L. Pomponius Cn.f. [ L. POMPONI CN.F ] - (Need to verify this date - see 112-109)

118 BC - L. Porcius Licinus [ L. PORCI LICI ]

118 or 117 BC - Q. Marcius [ Q. MAR ]

117 or 116 BC - M. Calidius [ M. CALID ]

117 or 116 BC - Cn. Fulvius [ CN. FOVL ]

117 or 116 BC - Q. Caecilius Metellus Numidicus or Nepos [ Q. MET ]

116 or 115 BC - Cn. Domitius Cn.f.Cn.n. Ahenobarbus [ CN. DOMI ]

116 or 115 BC - Q. Curtius [ Q. CVRT ]

116 or 115 BC - M. Junius D.f.D.n. Silanus [ M. SILA ]

116 or 115 BC - M. Sergius Silus [ M. SERGI SILVS Q ]

115 or 114 BC - M. Cipius M.f. [ M. CIPI M.F ]

114 or 113 BC - C. Fonteius [ C. FONT ]

114 or 113 BC - Mn. Aemilius Lepidus [ MN. AEMILIO LEP ]

113 or 112 BC - P. Licinius Nerva [ P. NERVA ]

113 or 112 BC - L. Marcius Q.f.Q.n. Philippus [ L. PHILIPPVS ]

113 or 112 BC - L. Manlius Torquatus [ L. TORQVA Q ]

112 or 111 BC - Cn. Cornelius Cn.f. Blasio [ CN. BLASIO CN.F ]

112 or 111 BC - Ti. Quinctius or Quinctilius [ TI. Q ]

112 or 111 BC - L. Caesius [ L. CAESI ]

112-109 BC - L. Pomponius Cn. f. [ L. POMPONI CN.F ]

111 or 110 BC - Ap. Claudius Ap.f.C.n. Pulcher [ AP. CL ]

111 or 110 BC - T. Manlius Macinus [ T. MANL ]

111 or 110 BC - Q. Urbinius [ Q. VR ]

110 or 109 BC - C. Claudius Ap.f.C.n. Pulcher [ C. PVLCHER ]

110 or 109 BC - P. Porcius Laeca [ P. Laeca ]

109 or 108 BC - L. Flaminius Chilo [ L. FLAMINI CILO ]

109 or 108 BC - Mn. Aquillius [ MN. AQVIL ]

109 or 108 BC - L. Memmius [ L. MEMMI ]

109 or 108 BC - Q. Lutatius Cerco [ Q. LVTATI CERCO Q ]

108 or 107 BC - Mn. Fonteius [ MN. FONTEI ]

108 or 107 BC - M. Herennius M.f. [ M. HERENNI ]

106 BC - L. Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus [ L. SCIP ASIAG ]

106 BC - C. Sulpicius C.f. [ C. SVLPICI C.F ]

106 BC - L. Memmius Galeria [ L. MEMMI GAL ]

105 BC - L. Thorius Balbus [ L. THORIVS BALBVS ]

104 BC - C. Coelius C.f.C.n. Caldus [ C. COIL CALD ]

103 BC - L. Valerius L.f.L.n. Flaccus [ L. VALERI FLACCI ]

103 BC - Q. Minucius M.f. Thermus [ Q. THERM M.F ]

103 BC - L. Julius L.f.Sex.n. Caesar [ L. IVLI L.F CAESAR ]

102 BC - L. Cassius Caeicianus [ L. CASSI CAEICIAN ]

102 BC - C. Fabius C.f. Hadrianus [ C. FABI C.F ]

101 BC - L. Julius [ L. IVLI ]

101 BC - M. Lucilius Rufus [ M. LVCILI RVF ]

101 BC - C. Fundanius [ C. FVNDAN Q ]

100 BC - Lucius Appuleius Saturninus [ L. SATVRN ]

100 BC - M. Servilius C.f. [ M SERVEILI C.F ]

100 BC - P. Servilius M.f. Rullus [ P. SERVILI M.F RVLLI ]

100 BC - P. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus [ LENT. MAR. F ]

100 BC - L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus [ PISO ]

100 BC - Q. Servilius Caepio [ CAEPIO Q ]

99 BC - P. (Vettius ?) Sabinus [ P. SABIN Q ]

98 BC - T. Cloulius (Cloelius) [ T. CLOVLI Q ]

97 BC - C. Egnatuleius C.f. [ C. EGNATVLEI C.F Q ]

97 BC (?) - L. Pomponius Molo [ L. POMPON MOLO ]

96 BC (?) - C. Publicius Malleolus [ C. MALL ]

96 BC (?) - A. Postumius S.f. Albinus [ A. ALBINVS S.F ]

96 BC (?) - L. Caecilius L.f.Q.n. Metellus Delmaticus [ L. METEL ]

92 BC - C. Allius Bala [ C. ALLI BALA ]

91 BC - D. Junius L.f. Silanus [ D. SILANVS L.F ]

90 BC - L. Capurnius Piso Frugi [ L. PISO FRVGI ]

90 BC - Q. Titius [ Q. TITI ]

90 BC - C. Vibius C.f. Pansa [ C. VIBIVS C.F PANSA ]

89 BC - M. Porcius Cato [ M. CATO ]

89 BC - L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus [ L. TITVRI L.F SABIN ]

88 BC - Cn. Cornelius Cn.f. Lentulus Clodianus [ CN. LENTVL ]

88 BC - C. Marcius Censorinus [ C. CENSORI ]

87 BC - L. Rubrius Dossenus [ L. RVBRI DOSSEN ]

87 BC - L. Memmius L.f. Gal. and C. Memmius L.f. Gal. (on one coin) [ L. C. MEMIES L.F GAL ]

86 BC - C. Gargonius [ GAR ]

86 BC - Ogulnius [ OGVL ]

86 BC - M. Vergilius (Verginius) [ VER ]

86 BC - M. Fannius [ M. FAN ]

86 BC - L. Critonius [ L. CRIT ]

85 BC - L. Julius Bursio [ L. IVLI BVRSIO ]

85 BC - Mn. Fonteius C.f. [ MN. FONTEI C.F ]

84 BC - C. Licinius L.f. Macer [ C. LICINIVS L.F MACER ]

84 BC - P. Furius Crassipes [ P. FORIVS CRASSIPES AED. CVR ]

84-83 BC - L. Cornelius L.f.P.n. Sulla Felix [ L. SVLLA IMPER. ITERVM ] or [ L. SVLLA IMP ]

83 BC - C. Norbanus [ C. NORBANVS ]

83-82 BC - Q. Antonius Balbus [ Q. ANTO BALB PR ]

82 BC - P. Crepusius [ P. CREPVSI ]

82 BC - C. Mamilius Limetanus [ C. LIMETA ] or [ C. MAMIL LIMETAN ]

82 BC - L. Marcius Censorinus [ L. CENSORIN ] or [ L. CENSOR ]

82 BC - C. Valerius C.f.L.n. Flaccus [ C. VAL FLA IMPERAT ]

82 BC - L. Manlius L.f. Torquatus [ L. MANLI PRO Q ]

82-81 BC - C. Annius T.f.T.n. (Luscus ?) [ C. ANNIVS T.F T.N PRO. COS ]

82-81 BC - L. Fabius L.f. Hispaniensis [ L. FABI L.F HISP Q ]

82-81 BC - C. Tarquitius P.f. [ C. TARQVITI P.F Q ]

82-80 BC - C. Servilius [ C. SERVEIL ]

82-80 BC - Q. Fabius Maximus (Second Issue ?) [ Q. MAX ]

81 BC - A. Postumius A.f.S.n. Albinus [ A. POST A.F S.N ALBIN ]

81 BC - Q. Caecilius Q.f.L.n. Metellus Pius [ Q.C.M.P. IMPER ]

81 BC - L. Volumnius L.f. Strabo [ L. VOL L.F STRAB ]

81 BC - C. Marius C.f. Capito [ C. MARI C.F CAPIT ]

80 BC - L. Procilius [ L. PROCILI F ]

80 BC - C. Publicius Q.f. [ C. POBLICI Q.F ]

79 BC - C. Naevius Balbus [ C. NAE BALB ]

79 BC - Ti. Claudius Nero [ TI. CLAVD TI.F AP.N ]

79 BC - L. Papius [ L. PAPI ]

78 BC - M. Volteius M.f [ M. VOLTEI M.F]

78 BC - L. Cassius Longinus [ L. CASSI Q. F. ]

77 BC - L. Rutilius Flaccus [ L. RVTILI FLAC ]

77 BC - P. Satrienus [ P. SATRIENVS ]

76 BC - L. Rustius [ L. RVSTI ]

76 BC - L. Lucretius Trio [ L. LVCRETI TRIO ]

76-75 BC - Cnaeus Cornelius P.f Lentulus Marcellinus [ CN. LEN Q ]

75 BC - C. Egnatius Cn.f.Cn.n. Maximus [ C. EGNATIVS CN.F CN.N MAXSVMVS ]

75 BC - L. Farsuleius Mensor [ L. FARSVLEI MENSOR ]

74 BC - C. Postumius Tatius (?) [ C. POSTVMI AT ] OR [ C. POSTVMI TA ]

74 BC - L. Cossutius Sabula

74 BC - L. Plaetorius

74 BC - P. Lentulus Spinther

73 BC - Q. Pomponius Rufus

72 BC - Q. Crepereius M.f. Rocus [ Q. CREPEREI M.F ROCVS ]

71 BC - L. Axsius Naso

71 BC - Manlius Aquillius Mn.f.Mn.n [ MN. AQVIL MN.F MN.N ]

70 BC - Q. Fufius Calenus [ KALENI ] and P. Mucius Scaevola (Cordus) [ CORDI ] (on one coin)

70 BC - T. Vettius Sabinus [ T. VETTIVS SABINVS ]

69 BC - M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus [ M. PLAETORI CEST ]

69 BC - Publius Sulpicius Galba [ P. GALB AE. CVR ]

68 BC - C. Hosidius C.f. Geta [ C. HOSIDI C.F GETA III VIR ]

67 BC - C. Calpurnius Piso L.f. Frugi [ C. PISO L.F FRV ]

67 BC - M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus [ M. PLAETORIVS M.F CESTIANVS AED. CVR ]

66 BC - Q. Pomponius Musa [ Q. POMPONI MVSA ]

65 BC - Lucius Manlius Torquatus [ L. TORQVAT III VIR ]

64 BC - L. Roscius Fabatus [ L. ROSCI FABATI ]

63 BC - L. Cassius Longinus [ LONGIN III V ]

63 BC - L. Furius Cn.f. Brocchus [ L. FVRI CN.F BROCCHI ]

62 BC - L. Aemilius Paullus Lepidus [ PAVLLVS LEPIDVS ]

62 BC - L. Scribonius Libo [ LIBO ]

61 BC - M. Pupius Piso [ M. PISO M.F FRVGI ]

61 BC - M. Aemilius Lepidus [ M. LEPIDVS ]

60 BC - P. Plautius Hypsaeus [ P. YPSAE ]

59 BC - C. M. Nonius Sufenas [ SVFENAS ]

58 BC - M. Aemilius Scaurus [ M. SCAVR AED. CVR ] and P. Plautius Hypsaeus [ P. HVPSAE AED. CVR ] (on one coin)

57 BC - C. Servilius C.f. [ C. SERVEIL C.F ]

57 BC - C. Considius Nonianus

56 BC - L. Marcius Philippus [ PHILIPPVS ]

56 BC - Faustus Cornelius Sulla [ FAVSTVS ]

56 BC - Caius Memmius [ C. MEMMI C.F ]

55 BC - Q. Cassius Longinus [ Q. CASSIVS ]

55 BC - P. Fonteius P.f Capito [ P. FONTEIVS P.F CAPITO ]

55 BC - P. Licinius Crassus [ P. CRASSVS M.F ]

55 BC - A. Plautius [ A. PLAVTIVS AED. CVR ]

55 BC - Cn. Plancius [ CN. PLANCIVS AED. CVR ]

54 BC - M. Junius Brutus (Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus) [ BRVTVS ]

54 BC - Q. Pompeius Rufus [ Q. POMPEI RVFI ]

53 BC - M. Valerius Messala

52 BC - L. Vinicius

51 BC - C. Coelius Caldus [ CALDVS III VIR ]

51 BC - Servius Sulpicius

49 BC - Cn. Nerius [ NERI Q. VRB ]

49 BC - Mn. Acilius Glabrio [ MN. ACILIVS III VIR ]

49 BC - Q. Sicinivs [ Q. SICINIVS III VIR ] and C. Coponius [ C. COPONIVS PR ] (on one coin)

49 BC - L. Cornelius Lentulus [ L. LENT ] and C. Claudius Marcellus [ C. MARC COS ] (on one coin)

49 BC - Cn. Pompeius Cn.f. Sex.n. Magnus [ MAGN. PRO. COS ] and Terentius Varro [ VARRO PRO. Q ] (on one coin)

49-48 BC - C. Julius C.f.C.n. Caesar [ CAESAR ]

48 BC - L. Hostilius Saserna [ L. HOSTILIVS SASERNA ]

48 BC - C. Vibius C.f.c.n. Pansa Caetronianus [ C. VIBIVS C.F C.N PANSA ]

48 BC - D. Junius Brutus Albinus [ ALBINVS BRVTI F ]

July 13, 48-47 BC - C. Julius C.f.C.n. Caesar [ CAESAR ] (Second Issue)

47 BC - L. Plautius Plancus [ L. PLAVTIVS PLANCVS ]

47 BC - A. Licinius Nerva [ A. LICINI NERVA III VIR ]

47 BC - C. Antius C.f. Restio [ C. ANTIVS C.F RESTIO ]

47-46 BC - C. Julius C.f.C.n. Caesar [ CAESAR ]

47-46 BC - Q. Caecilius Q.f.Q.n. Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica [ Q. METEL PIVS SCIPIO IMP ]

47-46 BC - Q. Caecilius Q.f.Q.n. Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica [ Q. METEL PIVS SCIPIO IMP ] and Eppius [ EPPIUS LEG. F. C ] (on one coin)

47-46 BC - M. Porcius Cato (Uticensis) [ M. CATO PRO. PR ]

46 BC - Mn. Cordius Rufus [ MN. CORDIVS RVFVS III VIR ]

46 BC - T. Carisius [ T. CARISIVS ]

46 BC - C. Considius Paetus [ C. CONSIDI PAETI ]

46 BC - C. Julius C.f.C.n. Caesar [ COS. TERT. DICT. ITER. AVGVR PONT. MAX ]

46-45 BC - C. Julius C.f.C.n. Caesar [ CAESAR ]

46-45 BC - Cn. Pompeius Magnus [ CN. MAGNVS IMP ] and M. Publicius [ M. POBLICI LEG. PRO PR ] (on one coin)

45 BC - L. papius Celsus [ L. PAPIVS CELSVS III VIR ]

45 BC - (L. Lollius) Palicanus [ PALIKANVS ]

45 BC - L. Valerius Acisculus [ L. VALERIVS ACISCVLVS ]

45 BC - C. Clovius [ C. CLOVI PRAEF ] and C. Julius C.f.C.n. Caesar [ CAESAR DIC. TER ] (on one coin)

45 BC - Sex. Pompeius Magnus Pius [ MGN PIVS IMP ]

44 BC - M. Mettius [ M. METTIVS ]

44 BC - L. Aemilius Buca [ L. AEMILIVS BVCA III VIR ]

44 BC - P. Sepullius Macer [ P. SEPVLLIVS MACER ]

44 BC - C. Cossutius Maridianus [ C. COSSVTIVS MARIDIANVS AAAFF ]

44-43 BC - Q . Nasidius [ Q. NASIDIVS ]

43 BC - L. Flaminius Chilo [ L. FLAMIN CHILO III VIR ]

43 BC - P. Accoleius Lariscolus [ P. ACCOLEIVS LARISCOLVS ]

43 BC - Petillius Capitolinus [ PETILLIVS CAPITOLINVS ]

43-42 BC - M. Antonius M.f.M.n. [ M. ANTONI ]

43-42 BC - C. Cassius Longinus [ C. CASSI IMP ]

43-42 BC - M. Junius Brutus (Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus) [ BRVTVS ]

43-42 BC - L. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther [ LENTVLVS SPINT ]

43-42 BC - M. Junius Brutus (Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus) [ Q. CAEPIO BRVTVS PRO. COS ] and L. Sestius [ L. SESTI PRO. Q ] (on one coin)

43-42 BC - M. Junius Brutus (Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus) [ BRVTVS IMP ] and (Pedanius) Costa [ COSTA LEG ] (on one coin)

43-42 BC - M. Junius Brutus (Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus) [ BRVTVS IMP ] and P. Servilius Casca Longus [ CASCA LONGVS ] (on one coin)

43-42 BC - M. Junius Brutus (Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus) [ BRVT IMP ] and L. Plaetorius Cestianus [ L. PLAET CEST ] (on one coin)

42 BC - P. Clodius M.f. [ P. CLODIVS M.F ]

42 BC - L. Livineius Regulus [ L. LIVINEIVS REGVLVS ]

42 BC - C. Vibius Varus [ C. VIBIVS VARVS ]

42 BC - L. Mussidius T.f. Longus [ L. MVSSIDIVS LONGVS ]

42 BC - M. Aemilius M.f.Q.n. Lepidus [ LEPIDVS PONT. MAX. III VIR R.P.C ]

42 BC - M. Antonius M.f.M.n. [ M. ANTONI IMP. III VIR R.P.C ]

42 BC - C. Julius C.f.C.n. Caesar (Augustus) [ CAESAR III VIR R. P. C. ]

42-40 BC - Sex. Pompeius Magnus Pius [ MAG. PIVS IMP. ITER. PRAEF. CLAS. ET ORASE MARIT ]

41 BC - M. Antonius M.f.M.n. [ ANT. AVG. IMP. III V. R. P. C. ] or [ M. ANT. IMP. AVG. III VIR R. P. C. ]

41 BC - M. Barbatius Pollio [ M. BARBAT Q. P ]

41 BC - M. Cocceius Nerva [ M. NERVA PROQ. P ]

41 BC - L. Gellius L.f.L.n. Poplicola [ L. GELL. Q. P ]

41 BC - C. Julius C.f.C.n. Caesar (Augustus) [ C. CAESAR III VIR R. P. C. ]

41 BC - Cn. Domitius L.f.Cn.n. Ahenobarbus [ CN. DOMITIVS IMP. AHENOBAR ]

39 BC - M. Antonius M.f.M.n. [ M. ANTON IMP. III VIR R. P. C. AVG ]

39 BC - C. Julius C.f.C.n. Caesar (Augustus) [ C. CAESAR ] and M. Antonius M.f.M.n. [ M. ANTON ] (on one coin)

38 BC - M. Antonius M.f.M.n. [ M. ANTONIVS M.F M.N AVGVR IMP. TERT. III VIR R. P. C. COS. DESIG. ITER. ET TERT. ]

38 BC - C. Julius C.f.C.n. Caesar (Augustus) [ IMP. CAESAR DIVI IVLI F ] and M. (Vipsanius) Agrippa L.f. [ M. AGRIPPA COS. DESIG ] (on one coin)

38 BC (?) - C. Julius C.f.C.n. Caesar (Augustus) [ CAESAR DIVI F ]

37 BC - C. Julius C.f.C.n. Caesar (Augustus) [ IMP. CAESAR DIVI F III VIR ITER. R. P. C. COS. ITER. ET TER. DESIG ]

36 BC - C. Julius C.f.C.n. Caesar (Augustus) [ IMP. CAESAR DIVI F III VIR ITER. R. P. C. COS. ITER. ET TER. DESIG ]

33 BC - M. Antonius M.f.M.n. [ ANTON AVG. IMP. III COS. DES. III III V. R. P. C. ]

32-31 BC - M. Antonius M.f.M.n. [ ANT. AVG III VIR R. P. C. ]

31 BC - L. Pinarius Scarpus [ SCARPVS IMP ] and M. Antonius M.f.M.n. [ M. ANTO. COS. III IMP. IIII AVG ]

Chronological order for 78 BC to 51 BC per Charles Hersh and Alan Walker's essay titled "The Mesagne Hoard", which appeared in the ANA's publication "Museum Notes" in 1984.

78 BC - None

77 BC - L. Rutilius Flaccus

77 BC - P. Satrienus

76 BC - C. Egnatuleius Maxsumus

76 BC - L. Farsuleius Mensor

76/75 BC - Cnaeus Lentulus

75 BC - M. Volteius

75 BC - L. Cassius Longinus

74 BC - L. Rustius

74 BC - L. Lucretius Trio

73 BC - C. Postumius

72 BC - L. Cossutius Sabula

71 BC - L. Plaetorius Cestianus

71 BC - P. Lentulus Spinther

70 BC - Q. Pomponius Rufus

70 BC - L. Axsius Naso

69 BC - Q. Creporius Rocus

69 BC - P. Galba

68 BC - Q. Calenus & M. Cordus (on one coin)

67 BC - M. Plaetorius Cestianus (first issue) - refers to Crawford 409

66 BC - T. Vettius Sabinus

65 BC - Mn. Aquilius

64 BC - C. Hosidius Geta

63 BC - L. Furius Brocchus

62 BC - Paullus Lepidus

62 BC - L. Scribonius Libo

61 BC - Piso Frugi

60 BC - L. Cassius Longinus

59 BC - L. Rocius Fabatus

58 BC - L. Torquatus

58 BC - M. Piso Frugi

58 BC - C. Servilius

58 BC - M. Aemilius Lepidus

57 BC - M. Plaetorius Cestianus (second issue) - refers to Crawford 405 and added here by H. B. Mattingly

57 BC - P. Plautius Hypsaeus

57 BC - L. Nonius Sufenas

57 BC - L. Philippus

57 BC - M. Scaurus

56 BC - Q. Pomponius Musa

56 BC - C. Considius Nonianus

56 BC - Fausta Sulla

56 BC - C. Memmius

55 BC - Q. Cassius

55 BC - P. Fonteius Capito

55 BC - P. Crassus

55 BC - A. Plautius

55 BC - Cn. Plancius

54 BC - Q. Caepio Brutus

54 BC - Q. Pompeius Rufus

53 BC - M. Valerius Messala

53 BC - C. Coelius Caldus

52 BC - L. Vinicius

51 BC - Servius Sulpicius