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RIC Volume VI - Diocletian Reform to Maximinus: Ostia Mint


Maxentius, AE Follis, Middle to Late 309, Group I, Class I, Ostia, Officina 3
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
AET_ERNITAS A_VG N
Castor and Pollux, each with a star above cap, naked but for chlamys hanging from shoulders, standing facing each other, each leaning on scepter with outer arm and holding bridled horse with inner arm, wolf and twins between them
MOSTG in exergue
25mm x 27mm, 5.15g
RIC VI, 16 (C2)


Maxentius, AE Follis, Middle to Late 309, Group I, Class I, Ostia, Officina 3
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
AETE_RNITAS A_VG N
Castor and Pollux, each with a star above cap, naked but for chlamys hanging from shoulders, standing facing each other, each leaning on scepter with outer arm and holding bridled horse with inner arm, wolf and twins between them
MOSTG in exergue
26mm x 28mm, 5.78g
RIC VI, 16 (C2)


Maxentius, AE Follis, Middle to Late 309, Group I, Class I, Ostia, Officina 3
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate, gorgon decorated cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over shoulder, shield with scales pattern and decorated outer ring in left hand
AET_ERNITAS A_VG N
Castor and Pollux, each with a star above cap, naked but for chlamys hanging from shoulders, standing facing each other, each leaning on scepter with outer arm and holding bridled horse with inner arm, wolf and twins between them
MOSTΓ in exergue
24mm x 26mm, 6.33g
RIC VI, 18 (--) (Unattested officina in RIC)


Divus Maximianus, AE Follis, Late 309-October 312, Ostia, Officina 2
DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN AVG
Veiled head of Maximianus right
AETERNA-MEMORIA
Eagle with wings spread right, head left, on domed hexastyle shrine, right door ajar
MOSTS in exergue
24mm x 26mm, 3.73g
RIC VI, 24 (R3)
Ex Tony Hardy Collection

Note: Despite being very well struck and preserved, this coin is very underweight - expected range 6.75g-5.50g. Issued by Maxentius.


Divus Maximianus, AE Follis, Late 309-October 312, Group I, Class II (a), Ostia, Officina 3
IMP MAXENTIVS DIVO MAXIMIANO PATRI
Veiled head right
AETERNA-MEMORIA
Eagle surmounting domed hexastyle shrine with right door ajar
MOSTT in exergue
22mm x 25mm, 5.38g
RIC VI, 26 (R)
Ex CNG, Electronic Auction, October 2003

Note: Issued by Maxentius


Divus Constantius I, AE Follis, Late 309-October 312, Group I, Class II (a), Ostia, Officina 3
IMP MAXENTIVS DIVO CONSTANTIO ADFINI
Veiled head right
AETERNA-MEMORIA
Eagle surmounting domed hexastyle shrine with right door ajar
MOSTT in exergue
22mm x 23mm, 5.82g
RIC VI, 29 (R2)
Ex CNG, Electronic Auction, October 2003

Note: Issued by Maxentius


Divus Galerius, AE Follis, Late 309-October 312, Group I, Class II (a), Ostia, Officina 1
IMP MAXENTIVS DIVO MAXIMIANO SOCERO
Veiled head of Maximianus right
AETERNA-MEMORIA
Eagle with wings spread right, head left, on domed hexastyle shrine, right door ajar
MOSTP in exergue
24mm, 6.49g
RIC VI, 31 (S)
Ex Gorny & Mosch

Note: Incuse design of obverse clearly visible under reverse design. Issued by Maxentius.


Romulus (under Maxentius), AE Follis, Late 309-October 312, Ostia, Officina 3
IMP MAXENTIVS DIVO ROMVLO N V FILIO
Bare head of Romulus right
AETERNA-MEMORIA
Eagle with wings spread right, head left, on domed hexastyle shrine, right door ajar
MOSTT in exergue
23mm x 24mm, 5.76g
RIC VI, 33 (C)


Maxentius, AE Follis, Late 309-October 312, Group I, Class II, Ostia, Officina 1
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
AET_ERNITAS A_VG N
Castor and Pollux, each with a star above cap, naked but for chlamys hanging from shoulders, standing facing each other, each leaning on scepter with outer arm and holding bridled horse with inner arm
MOSTP in exergue
23mm x 25mm, 6.91g
RIC VI, 35 (C2)


Maxentius, AE Follis, Late 309-October 312, Group I, Class II, Ostia, Officina 1
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right, divergent laurel ties
AETE_RNITAS A_VG N
Castor and Pollux, each with a star above cap, naked but for chlamys hanging from shoulders, standing facing each other, each leaning on scepter with outer arm and holding bridled horse with inner arm
MOSTP in exergue
24mm x 27mm, 6.01g
RIC VI, 35 (C2)
Ex Gorny & Mosch


Maxentius, AE Follis, Late 309-October 312, Group I, Class II, Ostia, Officina 4
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right
AET_ERNITAS A_VG N
Castor and Pollux, each with a star above cap, naked but for chlamys hanging from shoulders, standing facing each other, each leaning on scepter with outer arm and holding bridled horse with inner arm
MOSTQ in exergue
24mm, 7.23g
RIC VI, 35 (C2)
Ex Tony Hardy Collection

Note: Reverse shows coin overstruck, but host coin undetermined. Also, very overweight as the expected range for this series is 6.75-5.50g


Maxentius, AE Follis, Late 309-October 312, Ostia, Officina 3
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right
FIDES MI_L_IT_VM AVG N
Fides standing left, holding standard in each hand
MOSTT in exergue
23mm x 28mm, 5.68g
RIC VI, 45 (C)


Maxentius, AE Follis, Late 309-October 312, Group I, Class IIa, Ostia, Officina 3
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right
FIDES MI_LI_TV_M AVG N
Fides standing facing, head left, standard in each hand
MOSTT in exergue
24mm x 26mm, 7.59g
RIC VI, 45 (C)

Note: This specimen is 0.84g heavier than the expected range of 6.75-5.50g


Maxentius, AE Follis, Late 309-October 312, Ostia, Officina 3
IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG
Laureate head right
VICTOR_IA A_ETERNA AVG N
Victory advancing left, wreath in right hand, palm in left
MOSTT in exergue
22mm x 25mm, 5.65g
RIC VI, 54v (C2 for type)
Ex Tony Hardy Collection

Note: Variant for reverse legend break - I_A or VICTORIA unbroken expected


Divus Romulus, AE Half-Follis (?), Late 309-October 312, Group I, Class II (b), Ostia, Officina 3
DIVO ROMVLO N V BIS CONS
Bare head right
AETERNAE-MEMORIAE
Eagle, wings spread, standing right, head left, on domed shrine with no columns, door ajar
MOSTT in exergue
16mm, 1.90g
RIC VI, 59 (C)
Ex Centurion Coins, July 2003; Ex Joel Malter Company, August 19, 1972; Ex Vatican duplicate from St. John's College Collection

Note: David Vagi's book, Coinage and the History of the Roman Empire, Vol. I, indicates the obverse legend N V BIS CONS to mean Nobilissimus Vir (most noble man) and BIS CONS meaning twice consul. RIC lists this series of half-folles with weight range of 3.25-2.75g and when this example was sold, it was described as a "quarter-follis". Reviewing the examples on Coin Archives of those sold by major auction houses, this issue is described as either a half or quarter-follis. As an interesting note, this issue is contemporary with the third-follis produced at the Rome mint and perhaps is actually also a third-follis? A survey of known examples would be exceptionally helpful in determining if there are two separate follis fractional issues of this series or an extremely wide range of weights. Click here to see the Rome mint page with the third-follis issue (RIC VI, 281c for Maxentius).

Another interesting observation is the "half-follis" of Maxentius in RIC with a VICTORIA AETERNA AVG N reverse (RIC VI, 61 below) measuring 21mm x 22mm and weighing 3.05g. Since these two issues were minted at the same time, I am speculating this "quarter- or third-follis" is unlisted in RIC and RIC VI, 59 is a separate and deliberate "half-follis" issue.

 


Maxentius, AE Half Follis, Late 309-October 312, Group I, Class IIb, Ostia, Officina 3
MAXENTI_VS P F AVG
Helmeted, cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over shoulder, shield in left
VICTORIA AE_TERNA AVG N
Victory standing right, left foot on base of cippus supporting shield on which she inscribes VOT / X in two lines, captive seated behind at left
MOSTT in exergue
21mm x 22mm, 3.05g
RIC VI, 61 (C)


Constantine I, AE Follis, 312-313, Group II, Ostia, Officina 1
IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
GENIO P_O_P ROM
Genius standing facing, modius on head left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, patera in right hand, cornucopiae in left
MOSTP in exergue
20mm x 23mm, 4.97g
RIC VI, 74 (S)

Note: Rare reverse legend break - usually P_OP. Mushy strike caused by clashed die on reverse


Constantine I, AE Follis, 312-313, Group II, Ostia, Officina 1
IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INV_I_CTO COMITI
Sol standing facing, head left, nude but for chlamys on left shoulder, right hand raised, globe in left hand close to body
MOSTP in exergue
22mm x 23mm, 4.58g
RIC VI, -- (cf. RIC 83)

Note: RIC 83-88 describes the chlamys as hanging behind or very occasionally flying out


Constantine I, AE Follis, 312-313, Group II, Ostia, Officina 2
IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI IN_VI_CTO COMITI
Sol standing facing, head left, nude but for chlamys on left shoulder, right hand raised, globe in left hand close to body
MOSTS in exergue
21mm x 22mm, 4.84g
RIC VI, -- (cf. RIC 83)
Ex Vel Garnett Collection


Maximinus I I, AE Follis, 312-313, Group II, Ostia, Officina 3
IMP MAXIMINVS P F AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI IN_VI_CTO COMITI
Sol, standing facing, radiate head left, nude but for chlamys on left shoulder, right hand raised, globe in left hand close to body
MOSTT in exergue
20mm x 23mm, 4.13g
RIC VI, -- (cf. RIC 84a)


Maximinus II, AE Follis, 312-313, Group II, Ostia, Officina 3
IMP MAXIMINVS P F AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI IN_VI_CTO COMITI
Sol, standing facing, radiate head left, nude but for chlamys on left shoulder, right hand raised, globe in left hand close to body
MOSTT in exergue
21mm x 23mm, 4.61g
RIC VI, -- (cf. RIC 84a)


Licinius I, AE Follis, 312-313, Group II, Ostia, Officina 4
IMP LICINIVS P F AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INV_I_CTO COMITI
Sol standing facing, head left, nude but for chlamys on left shoulder, right hand raised, globe in left hand close to body
MOSTQ in exergue
21mm x 23mm, 4.32g
RIC VI, -- (cf. RIC 86b)


Constantine I, AE Follis, 312-313, Group II, Ostia, Officina 1
IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI IN_VI_CTO COMITI
Sol standing facing, head left, nude but for chlamys spread behind, right hand raised, globe outward in left
MOSTP in exergue
21mm x 23mm, 4.52g
RIC VI, 89 (C)


Constantine I, AE Follis, 312-313, Group II, Ostia, Officina 1
IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INV_I_CTO COMITI
Sol standing facing, radiate head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulder and flying behind, right hand raised, globe outward in left
MOSTP in exergue
24mm x 25mm, 4.01g
RIC VI, 89 (C)

Consignor notes: gVF, medallic flan.


Maximinus II, AE Follis, 312-313, Group II, Ostia, Officina 3
IMP MAXIMINVS P F AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
SOLI INVI_CTO COMITI
Sol, standing facing, radiate head left, nude but for chlamys on left shoulder and flying out, right hand raised, globe outward in left
MOSTT in exergue
19mm x 21mm, 4.08g
RIC VI, 90a (S)


Maximinus II, AE Follis, 312-313, Group II, Ostia, Officina 3
IMP MAXIMINVS P F AVG
Laureate, cuirassed bust right
S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI
Legionary eagle to left in center between two vexilla, left vexillum surmounted by a hand, the right surmounted by a wreath
MOSTT in exergue
21mm x 23mm, 3.56g
RIC VI, 95a (C)


Constantine I, AE Follis, 312-313, Group II, Ostia, Officina 1
IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI
Legionary eagle to left in center between two vexilla, left vexillum surmounted by a hand, the right surmounted by a wreath
MOSTP in exergue
22mm, 4.35g
RIC VI, 96 (S)

Note: The weakly struck areas on the reverse are a result of restriking this coin on a flan where a partial incuse design of the bust is still present, thusly denying the dies to meet with all of the metal properly.


Constantine I, AE Follis, 312-313, Group II, Ostia, Officina 1
IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG
Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right
S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI
Legionary eagle to left in center between two vexilla, left vexillum surmounted by a hand, the right surmounted by a wreath
MOSTP in exergue
19mm x 21mm, 3.90g
RIC VI, 96 (S)
Ex Harlan Berk, CICF Show, April 2013