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Coins of Kushan Kingdom
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The Kushan kingdom was created by a group of nomads from Xinjiang-Mongolia, when driven southwest by possibly the invading Huns in the 2nd century BC, and existed for over 500 years. Here is a list of rulers or titles, still very much a work in progress, and many of these dates are still very much in debate and all are approximate:

Kujula Kadphises: 30-80 AD
Vima Takto (?): 80-100
Vima Kadphises 100-127/8
Kanishka I: 127/8-152
Huvishka I: 152-192
Vasu Deva I: 192-225
Kanishka II: 225-240
Vashishka: 240-250
Vasu Deva I and Kanishka II: 250-300
Kanishka III: 255-275
Vasu Deva II: 290-310
Chhu (?): 325-345
Shaka: 325-345
Kipanada: 350-375

Vima Takto, son of Kujula Kadphises, is based on very recent research and is usually attributed to the Greek title "Soter Megas".

There is a change during the reign of Vima Kadphises, beginning with the bilingual series, where the base metal issues are described as AE Tetradrachm or AE Unit and associated fractions (Didrachm/Half Unit, etc.)

To see many more examples of Kushan coins, click here for Thomas Mallon-McCorgray's site.


Kushan Kingdom, Heraois, AR Obol, 5 BC-5 AD
(No legend)
Diademed, draped bust of bearded king right
HRAIOU / KORANOU
Soldier standing facing in military dress, head right, holding wreath
10mm x 13mm, 0.45g
Mitchener 2835


Imitative type of Kujula Kadphises, AE Tetradrachm, 30-80, Afghanistan or "Western Barbarians"
Corrupt Greek legend
Diademed, draped bust right
Karosthi legend
Hercules standing facing, right hand resting on club, lion-skin in left
20mm x 22mm, 4.34g
Senior ISCH B6 type


Imitative type of Kujula Kadphises, AE Tetradrachm, 30-80, Afghanistan or "Western Barbarians"
Corrupt Greek legend
Diademed, draped bust right
Karosthi legend
Hercules standing facing, right hand resting on club, lion-skin in left
19mm x 21mm, 4.90g
Senior ISCH B6 type


Imitative type of Kujula Kadphises, AE Drachm, 40-60, Afghanistan or "Western Barbarians"
(No legend)
Pseudo-Hermeaus type bust of king right
(No legend)
Hercules standing facing, right hand resting on club, lion-skin in left
16mm x 17mm, 1.45g


Vima Takto or "Soter Megas", AE Tetradrachm, c.80-100 AD, Kushan Kingdom, Taxila
Diademed, draped bust right, five rays radiant from top of head, scepter in left hand, three-pronged tamgha behind
BASILEWS BASILEWN CWTHP MEGAC
King on horse walking right, whip in right hand
Three-pronged tamgha symbol in right field
19mm x 20mm, 7.88g
Senior ISCH B17 type

Note: Soter Megas is a Greek title meaning "Great Savior", not the name of a specific ruler


Vima Takto or "Soter Megas", AE Tetradrachm, c.80-100 AD, Kushan Kingdom, Taxila
Diademed, draped bust right, five rays radiant from top of head, scepter in left hand, three-pronged tamgha behind
BASILEWS BASILEWN CWTHP MEGAC
King on horse walking right, whip in right hand
Three-pronged tamgha symbol in right field
21mm x 23mm, 8.53g
Senior ISCH B17 type


Vima Takto or "Soter Megas", AE Tetradrachm, c.80-100 AD, Kushan Kingdom, Taxila
Diademed, draped bust right, seven rays radiant from top of head, scepter in left hand, three-pronged tamgha behind
BASILEWS BASILEWN CWTHP MEGAC
King on horse walking right, whip in right hand
Three-pronged tamgha symbol in right field
21mm x 22mm, 8.51g
Senior ISCH B17 type


Vima Takto or "Soter Megas", AE Tetradrachm, c.80-100 AD, Kushan Kingdom, Taxila
Diademed, draped bust right, thirteen rays radiant from top of head, scepter in left hand, three-pronged tamgha behind
BASILEWS BASILEWN CWTHP MEGAC
King on horse walking right, whip in right hand
Three-pronged tamgha symbol in right field
19mm, 8.41g
Senior ISCH B17 type


Vima Takto or "Soter Megas", AE Drachm, c.80-100 AD, Kushan Kingdom
Diademed, draped bust right, eight rays radiant from top of head, scepter in left hand, three-pronged tamgha behind
Greek legend
King on horse walking right, whip in right hand
Three-pronged tamgha symbol in right field
12mm x 13mm, 2.27g
Senior ISCH B17D type


Vima Kadphises, AE Tetradrachm or Unit, c.100-127/8 AD, Kushan Kingdom, Bilingual Series
Greek legend
King in Kushan dress, standing facing, head left, hand over altar at left, trident in left field, tamgha and club in right field
Karosthi legend
Siva standing facing, trident in right hand, Nandi (bull) standing right behind (Cribb series IIIa/C3), Nanipada symbol in left field
28mm x 30mm, 16.65g
Mitchiner ACW 3008, 3014-3016, 3028-3032, 3040-3043, 3047


Vima Kadphises, AE Drachm or Quarter Unit, c.100-127/8 AD, Kushan Kingdom, Pushkalavati
Greek legend
King in Kushan dress, standing facing, head left, hand over altar at left, trident in left field, tamgha and club in right field
Karosthi legend
Siva standing facing, trident in right hand, Nandi (bull) standing right behind, Nanipada symbol in left field
16mm x 17mm, 4.20g
Gbl Kushan 764


Kanishka I, AE Tetradrachm or Unit, c.127/8-152, Kushan Kingdom
Bactrian legend
King in Kushan dress, standing facing, head left, right hand over altar, trident in left hand
Bactrian legend
Siva with four arms standing facing, nimbate, head left, holding trident without shaft, thunderbolt, diadem and one hand is empty, four-pronged tamgha in left field
24mm x 26mm, 15.55g


Kanishka I, AE Didrachm or Half Unit, c.127/8-152, Kushan Kingdom, Kapisa
BACILEYC BACI_LEwN KANHFKOY
King in Kushan dress, standing left, right hand over altar, trident in left hand
NANAIA in left field
Nanaia (moongoddess) standing right, symbol in right field
21mm x 23mm, 8.55g
Mitchiner ACW 3071-3073


Kanishka I, AE Didrachm or Half Unit, c.127/8-152, Kushan Kingdom, Kapisa
BACILEYC BACI_LEwN KANHFKOY
King in Kushan dress, standing left, right hand over altar, trident in left hand
NANAIA in left field
Nanaia (moongoddess) standing right, symbol in right field
21mm x 22mm, 7.96g
Mitchiner ACW 3071-3073


Kanishka I, AE Drachm or Quarter Unit, c.127/8-152, Kushan Kingdom
Bactrian legend
King standing facing, head left, trident in left hand, altar at left, control mark in left field
Bactrian legend
Mao (goddess) standing facing, right hand raised, tamgha in left field
17mm, 4.52g
Mitchiner ACW 3161


Kanishka I, AE Drachm or Quarter Unit, c.127/8-152, Kushan Kingdom
Bactrian legend
King standing facing, head left, trident in left hand, control mark in left field
Bactrian legend
Nanaia (moongoddess) standing right, symbol in right field
17mm x 18mm, 4.16g
Mitchiner ACW 3180


Kanishka I, AE Drachm or Quarter Unit, c.127/8-152, Kushan Kingdom
Bactrian legend
King standing facing, head left, trident in left hand, patera (?) in left hand over altar at left, control mark in left field
Bactrian legend
Nanaia (moongoddess) standing right, cornucopiae (?) in right hand, symbol in right field
18mm x 19mm, 4.97g
Mitchiner ACW 3180 type


Kanishka I, AE Drachm or Quarter Unit, c.127/8-152, Kushan Kingdom, Kashmir
Bactrian legend
King standing facing, head left, trident in each hand, control mark in left field
Bactrian legend
Vado (wind god) with halo standing facing with two arms and hands empty, tamgha in left field
18mm, 4.60g
Gbl Kushan 818


Kanishka I, AE Drachm or Quarter Unit, c.127/8-152, Kushan Kingdom
Bactrian legend
King enthroned
OHO ("Oesho"= Siva) retrograde
Figure, nimbate, standing left, attitude and attributes of Mao, but legend of Siva
17mm x 18mm, 4.35g
Gbl Kushan 814

Note: Attribution provided by Pankaj Tandon on April 8, 2008 - "Mitchiner is incorrect on this bring Huvishka I. In fact, the coin belongs to the same series as the previous coin on your page of Kanishka I. Note that the obverses are the same (you have the Kanishka obverse and reverse juxtaposed). The best references are Gbl 814 for the Siva reverse and Gbl 818 for the Oado reverse."


Huvishka I, AE Unit, c.152-192, Kushan Kingdom
Bactrian legend
King holding ancus, riding elephant right
FARRO
Pharro (god) standing facing, nimbate, head left, spear in left hand, thunderbolt (?) in right, tamgha in left field
21mm x 24mm, 10.93g
Mitchiner ACW 3289-3290; Gbl Kushan 863 - 865


Imitative type (?) Huvishka I, AE Unit, c.152-192, Kushan Kingdom
Legend of all O or circles
King holding spear in both hands, riding elephant right
No reverse legend
Miiro (?) standing facing, nimbate, head left, patera (?) in right hand, four-pronged tamgha in left field, dotted border
25mm x 26mm, 9.13g


Vasu Deva I, AV Dinar, c.192-225, Kushan Kingdom, Mint A
AONONOOO BO-OONO VOONO
Vasudeva standing facing, head left, sacrificing with right hand at altar at left, vertical standard in left hand
OHO
Ithyphallic Siva standing facing, crescent on brow, diadem in right hand, trident in left hand, Nandi bull standing left behind, tamgha in right field, all in large dotted border
19mm, 8.22g
MK 504/3 (O1/R9A)
Ex Classical Numismatic Group - EF, slight die wear


Vasu Deva I, AE Unit, c.192-227, Kushan Kingdom, Peshawar Series
Bactrian legend
King standing left wearing sword, holding trident above altar and second trident to right
Bactrian legend
Siva facing, holding diadem and trident; and the bull standing left; tamgha left, above arm
20mm x 23mm, 8.25g
Mitchiner ACW 3489


Vasu Deva I, AV Dinar, c.290-310, Kushan Kingdom, Mint C (?)
_AONONOOO BO-...-OONO VOONO
Vasudeva, nimbate, diademed, and crowned, standing facing, head left, sacrificing over altar to left, holding trident in left hand, filleted trident at left, nandipada at right, three pellets between legs, pellet in upper left field, three pellets in lower left field, three pellets in upper right field
OHO
Ithyphallic Siva standing facing, crescent on brow, diadem in right hand, trident in left hand, Nandi bull standing left behind; tamgha in upper left field, three pellets in lower left field, all in large dotted border
23mm x 25mm, 8.00g
Gbl Kushan 673


Kushan Kingdom, Kipanada, Debased AV Dinar, c.350-375, Taxila-Gandhara
DaBaChaRnaTha / KiPaNaDa
Kipanada, nimbate, standing facing, head left, right hand over lit altar at left, trident in left hand
(No legend)
Ardoksho, nimbate, enthroned facing, cornucopiae in left hand
18mm x 19mm, 7.56g
Mitchiner ACW 3584-3588

Kushan-Bactria: Jouan-Jouan Issues

Kushan, Jouan-Jouan in Bactria, AE Unit, 195-230
(No legend)
King seated, legs crossed
(No legend)
Lunate moon-goddess Mao
21mm x 23mm, 9.05g
Mitchiner ACW 3357

Note: During the period between the end of Huvishkas rule in northern Afghanistan and Sasanian rule, Kushan principalities were raided and occupied by northern nomads known as Jouan-Jouan in 195 to 230 A.D. They struck imitation of Huvishkas coins in light weight standard.


Kushan, Jouan-Jouan in Bactria, AE Unit, 195-230
(No legend)
King seated, legs crossed
(No legend)
Lunate moon-goddess Mao
21mm x 22mm, 1.85g
Mitchiner ACW 3366